Lyonia fruticosa

(Michaux) G. S. Torrey

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 51: 527. 1916 ,.

Common names: Poor-grub
Endemic
Basionyms: Andromeda ferruginea var. fruticosa Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 252. 1803
Synonyms: Xolisma fruticosa (Michaux) Nash
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 503. Mentioned on page 501.

Shrubs, (ultimate branches rigidly ascending), to 1.5 (–3) m. Stems erect, slightly angled. Leaves persistent; blade obovate to elliptic, 0.5–6 × 0.3–4 cm (usually conspicuously smaller toward branch tips), coriaceous, base attenuate to narrowly or widely cuneate, margins entire or undulate, plane to very slightly revolute distally, apex acute, abruptly acuminate, or rounded, abaxial surface ferrugineous-lepidote, otherwise usually densely hairy, scales all ± quickly deciduous, veins frequently raised-reticulate, adaxial surface lepidote (scales caducous), hairy along midvein, veins not depressed. Inflorescences fascicles, flowers frequent on current-year’s branchlets (some flowers borne on branches of previous year); bracts 1 per flower, linear-lanceolate, 1–2 mm. Pedicels glabrous, lepidote. Flowers: calyx lobes 1–1.5 × 0.5–1 mm, glabrous or hairy, lepidote; corolla white, urceolate, 2.5–5 × 2.5–4 mm; filaments 1–2.5 mm, roughened, without appendages or with 2 minute spurs. Capsules ovoid to ellipsoid, 3–5 × 2.5–4.5 mm, apex not constricted, lepidote, otherwise hairy; sutures separating as unit from adjacent valves; placentae subapical. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering early spring–summer.
Habitat: Pine flatwoods, oak-pine forests, shrub bogs
Elevation: 0-100 m

Discussion

Although most plants of Lyonia fruticosa are densely hairy on the abaxial leaf surface, occasional individuals with relatively few unicellular hairs (or rarely none at all) can be found.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Lyonia fruticosa"
hairy +  and ferrugineous-lepidote +
hairy +  and lepidote +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
hairy +  and lepidote +
Rounded (?) +, Acuminate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
not constricted +
Walter S. Judd +
(Michaux) G. S. Torrey +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
attenuate;narrowly or widely cuneate +
Andromeda ferruginea var. fruticosa +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
obovate;elliptic +
coriaceous +
0.3cm;4cm +
linear-lanceolate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
lepidote +, hairy +  and glabrous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
ovoid +  and ellipsoid +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
Poor-grub +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Fla. +, Ga. +  and S.C. +
0-100 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +  and geniculate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose;ovoid or ellipsoid +
Pine flatwoods, oak-pine forests, shrub bogs +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
plane to very;undulate;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
(2-)5-8(-12)-flowered +
lepidote +  and glabrous +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering early spring–summer. +
[4-]5[-8]-carpellate +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
deciduous +
distinct +
obovoid +  and angular-obovoid or narrowly conic +
ovate-deltate +  and lanceolate +
minute +
procumbent +  and creeping +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +, short-stalked +  and multicellular +
unicellular-hairy +  and stipitate-glandular-hairy +
Xolisma fruticosa +
Lyonia fruticosa +
species +
glabrescent +  and hairy +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +