Lyonia lucida

(Lamarck) K. Koch

Dendrologie 2(1): 118. 1872,.

Common names: Fetterbush hurrah-bush
Basionyms: Andromeda lucida Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 1: 157. 1783
Synonyms: Desmothamnus lucidus (Lamarck) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 502. Mentioned on page 501.

Shrubs, to 2.5 (–5) m. Stems erect to arching, usually sharply 3-angled. Leaves persistent; blade narrowly to widely elliptic, obovate, or slightly ovate, 1–8.5 (–10.5) × 0.5–4.5 (–5.5) cm, rigidly coriaceous, base attenuate or cuneate to rounded, margins entire, usually revolute, apex acuminate to acute, rarely rounded, surfaces scattered, multicellular, glandular short-headed-hairy, not lepidote, otherwise glabrous or hairy on midvein adaxially, intramarginal vein present. Inflorescences fascicles, developing from buds along distal portion of stems of previous year; bracts 1 per flower, linear-lanceolate, to 4 mm. Pedicels glandular-hairy, not lepidote. Flowers: calyx lobes 2–7.5 × 1–2 mm, glandular-hairy, not lepidote; corolla usually pink, sometimes white or red, cylindric (base swollen), 5–9 × 2–5 mm; filaments 3–5 mm, roughened, with 2 well-developed spurs. Capsules ovoid to ovoid-globose, 3–5 × 3–5 mm, apex slightly constricted, glabrous or short-headed-hairy; sutures usually remaining attached to adjacent valve; placentae central to nearly basal. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering early spring–spring.
Habitat: Moist, acid, pine flatwoods and savannas, streamhead pocosins and baygalls, acid blackwater swamps, shrub bogs and peat-based pocosins, pond margins
Elevation: 0-200 m

Distribution

V8 980-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Va., West Indies (Cuba)

Discussion

Lyonia lucida is occasionally used as an ornamental; it is most closely related to L. mariana. The Cuban populations tend to have slightly longer and more densely hairy calyx lobes than do those of the southeastern United States.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Lyonia lucida"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
short-headed-hairy +  and glabrous +
Rounded (?) +, Acuminate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
constricted +
Walter S. Judd +
(Lamarck) K. Koch +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate;rounded +
Andromeda lucida +
8.5 cm85 mm <br />0.085 m <br /> (10.5 cm105 mm <br />0.105 m <br />) +
4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (8.5 cm85 mm <br />0.085 m <br />) +
ovate;obovate;ovate;obovate;elliptic +
coriaceous +
0.5cm;4.5cm +
linear-lanceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br />) +
not lepidote +  and glandular-hairy +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
ovoid +  and ovoid-globose +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Fetterbush +  and hurrah-bush +
red +, white +  and pink +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, Va. +  and West Indies (Cuba) +
0-200 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +  and geniculate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose;ovoid or ellipsoid +
Moist, acid, pine flatwoods and savannas, streamhead pocosins and baygalls, acid blackwater swamps, shrub bogs and peat-based pocosins, pond margins +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
revolute;plane;serrulate;undulate;revolute;plane;serrulate;undulate;revolute;plane;serrulate;undulate;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
(2-)5-8(-12)-flowered +
not lepidote +  and glandular-hairy +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering early spring–spring. +
[4-]5[-8]-carpellate +
central +  and nearly basal +
Dendrologie +
distinct +
obovoid +  and angular-obovoid or narrowly conic +
ovate-deltate +  and lanceolate +
well-developed +
procumbent +  and creeping +
erect +  and arching +
3-angled +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
multicellular +
hairy +, glabrous +, not lepidote +  and short-headed-hairy +
Desmothamnus lucidus +
Lyonia lucida +
species +
glabrescent +  and hairy +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +