Malus angustifolia

(Aiton) Michaux

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 292. 1803.

Common names: Southern or narrow-leaved crabapple
Endemic
Basionym: Pyrus angustifolia Aiton Hort. Kew. 2: 176. 1789
Synonyms: Malus coronaria var. angustifolia (Aiton) Ponomarenko P. coronaria var. angustifolia (Aiton) Wenzig
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 474. Mentioned on page 475.

Trees, sometimes shrubs, 10–50 (–100) dm. Stems 5–25 cm diam.; bark reddish-brown to gray, longitudinally fissured with platelike scales; young branches reddish-brown, sparsely puberulent, becoming gray or grayish brown, glabrescent; flowering shoots developing as short spurs or spiny thorns, (5–) 10–40 (–60) mm. Buds reddish-brown, ovoid, 1.6 mm, scale margins tomentose. Leaves conduplicate in bud; heteromorphic; stipules deciduous, linear-lanceolate, 2–4 (–5) mm, apex acuminate; vigorous shoot leaves: petiole (10–) 15–25 mm, villous, sometimes tomentose; blade elliptic, oval, or ovate, sometimes triangular-ovate, (3.5–) 4–6 (–8) × (1.5–) 3–4 (–5) cm, base cuneate, sometimes rounded, margins sometimes slightly lobed, crenate, crenate-serrate, serrate, or entire, sometimes doubly serrate, apex rounded, broadly acute, sometimes apiculate, abaxial surface glabrous (villous only on veins), adaxial glabrous; flowering shoot leaves: petiole 3–10 (–25) mm, villous, sometimes glabrous; blade elliptic or oblong, sometimes ovate, obovate, or lanceolate, (9–) 15–50 (–65) × (7–) 10–20 (–30) mm, base cuneate, sometimes rounded, margins unlobed, crenate, crenate-serrate, or entire, apex rounded (with point or acute), abaxial surface glabrous (veins villous), adaxial glabrous. Panicles corymblike; peduncles absent; bracteoles sometimes persistent, filiform, (1–) 3–4 (–6) mm. Pedicels (10–) 20–30 (–40) mm, glabrous, sometimes slightly villous. Flowers 20–30 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous, rarely slightly villous; sepals triangular, (2–) 3–4 (–5) mm, equal to tube, apex acuminate, abaxial surface glabrous, adaxial hoary-tomentose; petals pink, sometimes fading white, oblong to narrowly obovate, (10–) 12–16 (–22) mm, claws (2–) 3 mm, margins entire, sinuate, or fimbriate, apex rounded; stamens 20, (7–) 9–12 (–14) mm, anthers pink or rose before dehiscence; styles 5, connate basally, (6–) 9–12 (–15) mm, usually slightly longer than stamens, tomentose in proximal 1/3. Pomes green or yellow-green, subglobose, 10–20 (–30) mm diam., cores not enclosed at apex; sepals persistent, erect; sclereids abundant surrounding core. Seeds dark-brown. 2n = 34 (68).


Phenology: Flowering (Feb–)Mar–May; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Open woods, thickets, hillsides, stream and lake banks, flood plains, terraces, roadsides, open fields, sandy soil, clay soil
Elevation: 10–700 m

Distribution

V9 800-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Pa., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

The attractive flowers of Malus angustifolia have a pleasant, violetlike odor.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Malus angustifolia"
hoary-tomentose +  and glabrous +
rose +  and pink +
Elizabeth E. Dickson +
(Aiton) Michaux +
reddish-brown +  and gray +
fissured +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
rounded +  and cuneate +
Pyrus angustifolia +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
lanceolate +, obovate +, ovate +, oblong +, elliptic +, triangular-ovate +  and oval +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
10mm +  and 20mm +
linear-lanceolate +  and ovate +
membranous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
grayish brown +, gray +  and reddish-brown +
glabrescent +  and puberulent +
reddish-brown +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (?) +
adnate +  and connate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
Southern or narrow-leaved crabapple +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
not +  and aggregated +
10–700 m +
homogeneous +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
red +, yellow +  and green +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
Open woods, thickets, hillsides, stream and lake banks, flood plains, terraces, roadsides, open fields, sandy soil, clay soil +
villous +  and glabrous +
tomentose +  and not glabrous +
crassinucellate +
heteromorphic +
deciduous +
entire +, crenate-serrate +  and serrate +
fimbriate +, sinuate +, entire +, crenate +, unlobed +  and lobed +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
corymblike +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
villous +  and glabrous +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
glabrous +, villous +  and tomentose +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering (Feb–)Mar–May +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
yellow-green +  and green +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
subglobose +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
plate-like +
not arillate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
triangular +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
unequal +
9mm +  and 12mm +
branched +  and simple +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
membranous +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
usually slightly longer +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
elongate +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
Malus coronaria var. angustifolia +  and P. coronaria var. angustifolia +
Malus angustifolia +
species +
tomentose +, puberulent +, villous +, glabrescent +  and glabrous +
inconspicuous +
shrub +  and tree +