Mirabilis latifolia

(A. Gray) Diggs

Ill. Fl. N. Central Texas, 840. 1999.

Endemic
Basionym: Oxybaphus nyctagineus var. latifolius A. Gray in W. H. Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 174. 1859
Synonyms: Allionia latifolia (A. Gray) Standley
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 56. Mentioned on page 42.

Stems erect to decumbent, sparsely leafy, leaves distributed throughout, well branched, often sprawling on other plants, 2–11.5 dm, basally usually with 2 lines of minute curved hairs, occasionally glabrous, distally with 2 lines of curved hairs, or evenly puberulent with curved hairs, sometimes also spreading-villous or viscid-villous. Leaves ascending to spreading at 45–90°, abruptly reduced in inflorescence; petiole 0.5–1.2 cm; blade green, lanceolate-triangular to ovate-triangular, 2–5 × 1–4.5 cm, thin or slightly thickened and fleshy, base obtuse to round, rarely attenuate, apex acute, sometimes narrowly so, rarely round, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences usually terminal, sometimes also with short branches in distal axils, occasionally with single involucres in axils, when terminal, usually with main axis and shorter branches and involucres densely clustered at ends of branches; peduncle 2–7 mm, spreading-villous, usually with short hairs, sometimes viscid, crosswalls of hairs pale or dark; involucres pale green, sometimes tinged with red, widely bell-shaped, 4–6 mm in flower, 8–12 mm in fruit, glabrate and puberulent on margins to spreading-villous, sometimes viscid, 50–75% connate, lobes triangular-ovate to round-ovate. Flowers (2–) 3 per involucre; perianth pink to reddish purple, rarely white, 1 cm. Fruits reddish-brown, brown, or blackish (ribs and warts usually paler), obovoid, 3.5–5.2 mm, pubescent with tufted hairs from tubercles, sometimes pubescent throughout, hairs 0.1–0.3 mm; ribs round-angular, 0.5–1 times width of sulci, 0.5–1 times as wide as high, rugose, smooth near base and dissected at apex into tall warts, or dissected throughout; sulci with prominent round or shelflike, narrow tubercles.


Phenology: Flowering summer–early fall.
Habitat: Disturbed sites in rocky limestone soils or blackland clay, thickets
Elevation: 300-600 m

Discussion

Mirabilis latifolia resembles a small-leaved M. nyctaginea with brown or dark brown fruits, and it may represent populations introgressed by M. albida. In M. dumetorum fruits are said to be 4-ribbed, or often 4-ribbed, apparently an error based on the misinterpretation of misleading, well-pressed, not quite mature, fruits in the type collection.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Mirabilis latifolia"
Richard W. Spellenberg +
(A. Gray) Diggs +
glutinous +
attenuate +, obtuse +  and round +
constricted +
woody +, leathery +  and fleshy +
Oxybaphus nyctagineus var. latifolius +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
lanceolate-triangular;ovate-triangular +
thickened;thin;1cm;4.5cm +
persistent +
distinct +, , +  and connate +
corollalike +  and petaloid +
dark +  and pale +
branched +, congested +  and open +
subsessile +  and sessile +
300-600 m +
curved +  and straight +
inconspicuous +  and showy +
cleistogamous +, chasmogamous +  and bisexual +
blackish +, brown +  and reddish-brown +
obovoid +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br />) +
Disturbed sites in rocky limestone soils or blackland clay, thickets +
minute +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
tinged with red +  and pale green +
puberulent +  and glabrate +
bell--shaped +
accrescent +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
herbaceous;papery +
distributed +
viscid-villous +, spreading-villous +, puberulent +  and glabrous +
reduced +
5-lobed +
triangular-ovate +  and round-ovate +
spreading-villous +
entire +  and crisped +
spreading-villous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
chasmogamous +  and cleistogamous +
5-lobed +  and flared +
constricted +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering summer–early fall. +
Ill. Fl. N. Central Texas, +
not evident +  and defined +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
dissected +
0.5-1 times width of sulci +
0.5-1 times as wide as high rugose smooth near base +
thick +  and thin +
cordlike +  and cylindric +
membranaceous +
ribbed +, 10-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
pubescent +, glabrous +  and warty +
wrinkled +
erect +  and decumbent +
fusiform +  and linear +
filiform +
mucilaginous +
slightly rugose +  and prominently tuberculate +
Allionia latifolia +
ropelike +  and swollen +
Mirabilis latifolia +
Mirabilis sect. Oxybaphus +
species +
gland-tipped +
expanded +
shelflike +, round +  and prominent +
pubescent +  and glabrous +