Moneses uniflora

(Linnaeus) A. Gray

Manual, 273. 1848,.

Illustrated
Basionyms: Pyrola uniflora Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 397. 1753
Synonyms: Moneses uniflora subsp. reticulata (Nuttall) Calder & Roy L. Taylor Moneses uniflora var. reticulata (Nuttall) S. F. Blake
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 384.

Plants arising from horizontal roots, 0.3–3 dm. Leaves: petiole 5–20 (–30) mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade dull and light green abaxially, shiny and green adaxially, 6–22 × 5–20 mm, base rounded to obtuse, apex obtuse to rounded. Inflorescences: peduncle 3–15 cm; peduncular bracts absent or 1 (–2), oblanceolate to elliptic or orbiculate, (2.5–) 4–4.5 × (2–) 2.7–3.4 mm, membranous, margins entire or obscurely erose-denticulate. Flowers: calyx lobes spreading or reflexed in fruit, green or green with margins whitish green, 2–2.5 × 1.5–2 mm, margins erose-denticulate, apex rounded to obtuse; petals ovate to broadly ovate, 8–12 × 4–8 mm, margins minutely denticulate; stamens 4–8 mm; filament base 0.4–0.8 mm wide; anthers 2.2–2.5 mm, thecae whitish yellow to tan or light-brown, tubules golden brown to brown, 0.4–0.8 mm, abruptly narrowed from thecae, lateral walls not touching, pores 0.2–0.4 × 0.2–0.4 mm; ovary smooth; style 2–5 mm; stigma 1.4–3.5 mm wide, lobes erect. Capsules subglobose, 4–8 × 5–9 mm. 2n = 22, 24, 26, 32.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Moist forests, bogs
Elevation: 10-3500 m

Distribution

V8 726-distribution-map.gif

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Mex., N.Y., Ohio, Oreg., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo., Eurasia

Discussion

Most chromosome counts are 2n = 26; there are reports of 2n = 22, 24, and 32 (Á. Löve and D. Löve 1975b). The veracity of the latter reports has not been confirmed. Moneses uniflora has been used by different Native American tribes as a dermatological aid, cold remedy, throat aid, and analgesic (D. E. Moerman 1998).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broad" is not a number.

... more about "Moneses uniflora"
32 +, 26 +, 24 +  and 22 +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Craig C. Freeman +
(Linnaeus) A. Gray +
rounded;obtuse +
Pyrola uniflora +
green +  and light green +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
shiny +  and dull +
broadly elliptic;orbiculate +
subcoriaceous +
5mm;20mm +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
reflexed +  and spreading +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
subglobose +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and Eurasia +
10-3500 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
nodding +  and spreading +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +
Moist forests, bogs +
multicellular +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
basal +  and cauline +
scale-like +
reduced +
whitish green +
denticulate;erose-denticulate;erose-denticulate;entire +
crenate-serrate to serrate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
oblanceolate +  and elliptic or orbiculate +
0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br /> (0.34 cm3.4 mm <br />0.0034 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
channeled +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
distinct +
fusiform +
Illustrated +
papillose +
peltate +  and capitate +
1.4mm;3.5mm +
straight +
expanded +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Moneses uniflora subsp. reticulata +  and Moneses uniflora var. reticulata +
Moneses uniflora +
species +
whitish yellow;tan or light-brown +
narrowed +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
16 +, 13 +, 12 +  and 11 +