Passiflora biflora

Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al.

in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 3: 36. 1789.

Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 175. Mentioned on page 174.

Stems angular, minutely puberulent. Leaves not pungent, minutely puberulent; stipules linear, 2–5 × 0.5–1 mm, eglandular; petiole eglandular; blade roughly symmetric, 2–7 × 3–10 cm, shallowly to deeply 2-lobed, margins entire; abaxial fine veins prominently raised, abaxial nectaries not along leaf margins, usually in lines extending into leaf lobes on at least flowering-stems. Floral bracts setaceous, 1–3 × 0.5 mm, margins entire, eglandular. Flowers: floral-tube cuplike, 1–3 mm deep; sepals white, 13–17 × 4–6 mm; petals white, 9–13 × 4–6 mm; corona filament whorls 2, outer filaments green basally, yellow apically, linear-spatulate, laterally flattened, 5–8 mm. Berries blue-black, ovoid to ellipsoid, 20–30 × 15–20 mm. 2n = 12.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Intact or disturbed tropical woodlands in loamy soil over limestone
Elevation: 0–10 m

Distribution

V6 313-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., Mexico, West Indies (Bahamas), Central America, South America (Colombia), South America (Ecuador), South America (Venezuela)

Discussion

In the flora area, Passiflora biflora occurs only in southeastern Florida, where it is locally abundant and often an aggressive weed.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Passiflora biflora"
short-to-elongate +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Douglas H. Goldman +  and John M. MacDougal +
Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al. +
smooth;rough or corky +
cuneate;cordate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
2-lobed +
3cm;10cm +
scattered;whorled +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Bahamas) +, Central America +, South America (Colombia) +, South America (Ecuador) +  and South America (Venezuela) +
0–10 m +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
Intact or disturbed tropical woodlands in loamy soil over limestone +
many-branched +  and simple +
paired +  and solitary +
puberulent +
membranous +
yellow +  and green +
flattened +  and linear-spatulate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
3[-5]-carpellate +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. +
compressed +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Introduced +
terete;angled +
2-lobed;clavate;reniform +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
distinct +
grooved +  and reticulate +
Passiflora biflora +
Passiflora +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
herbaceous +  and woody +