Passiflora ciliata

Aiton

Hort. Kew. 3: 310. 1789.

Introduced
Synonyms: Passiflora foetida var. ciliata (Aiton) Masters
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 177. Mentioned on page 174, 178.

Stems terete to longitudinally ridged, glabrous or densely hairy. Leaves not or weakly pungent, glabrous or densely hairy, glandular-ciliate; stipules pectinate, 5–6 × 2–4 mm, with glandular bristles or hairs; petiole with glandular bristles or hairs; blade roughly symmetric, 3–10 (–12) × 3–8 (–10) cm, moderately 3 (–5) -lobed, middle lobe much longer than lateral lobes, margins weakly serrulate to nearly entire; abaxial fine veins weakly raised, abaxial nectaries absent. Floral bracts pinnatifid, 20–30 × 15–25 mm, margins serrate to nearly entire, with glandular bristles or hairs. Flowers: floral-tube cuplike, 4–6 mm deep; sepals white, 18–25 × 7–9 mm; petals purple to white, 20–25 × 8–10 mm; corona filament whorls 5–6, outer 2 whorls purple basally, white medially, pale-purple apically, linear, terete to transversely compressed, 16–20 mm. Berries bright red to crimson, ovoid to broadly ellipsoid, 30–35 × 20–25 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Dec.
Habitat: Warm-temperate to subtropical woodlands, shrublands, or disturbed areas, in moist to dry, loamy to sandy soil, 10–200 m

Distribution

V6 320-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America

Discussion

Passiflora ciliata is relatively uncommon and apparently introduced in the flora area and probably is spreading. Nearly all plants in Florida (for example, R. P. Wunderlin and B. F. Hansen 2003) and some in Texas identified as P. foetida are actually P. ciliata. E. P. Killip (1938) noted the presence of P. foetida var. riparia (C. Wright ex Grisebach) Killip in Florida, which we include in P. ciliata.

Plants of this species within the flora area can be either entirely glabrous or densely hairy throughout; otherwise, they are essentially identical morphologically. The description provided here best reflects its variation within our region, and the species is more variable outside of our range. We treat this species broadly to include many members of sect. Dysosmia that have mature leaves unscented to weakly pungent when bruised and that have bright red to scarlet fruits, characteristics that seem to be consistently associated.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Passiflora ciliata"
short-to-elongate +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Douglas H. Goldman +  and John M. MacDougal +
smooth;rough or corky +
cuneate;cordate +
bright red +  and crimson +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
3(-5)-lobed +
3cm;8cm +
scattered;whorled +
Fla. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +  and Central America +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
15mm +  and 25mm +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
Warm-temperate to subtropical woodlands, shrublands, or disturbed areas, in moist to dry, loamy to sandy soil, 10–200 m +
many-branched +  and simple +
paired +  and solitary +
glandular-ciliate +, hairy +  and glabrous +
membranous +
entire +, weakly serrulate +  and nearly entire +
3[-5]-carpellate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Aug–Dec. +
compressed +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Introduced +
terete;longitudinally ridged +
2-lobed;clavate;reniform +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
pectinate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
distinct +
grooved +  and reticulate +
Passiflora foetida var. ciliata +
Passiflora ciliata +
Passiflora +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
herbaceous +  and woody +
pale-purple +  and white +
terete +  and transversely compressed +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +