Passiflora multiflora

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 956. 1753.

Common names: Many-flowered passionflower
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 179. Mentioned on page 173, 174.

Stems terete, becoming coarsely fluted when old, densely hairy. Leaves not pungent, densely soft-hairy; stipules linear-setaceous, 3–5 × 0.5 mm, eglandular; petiole glandular, glands small, emergent protuberances; blade roughly symmetric, 4–10 (–13) × 1.5–4 (–6) cm, unlobed to rarely obscurely 3–5-lobed, middle lobe much longer than lateral lobes, margins entire; abaxial fine veins prominently raised, abaxial nectaries absent or sometimes present near leaf margins. Floral bracts obscure, ovatelanceolate, 1–2 × 0.5–1 mm, margins entire, eglandular. Flowers: floral-tube absent; sepals green-white, 5–6 × 2–3 mm; petals white, 4–5 × 1–1.5 mm; corona filament whorls 2, outer filaments white basally, yellow apically, filiform, terete, clavate, 3–5 mm. Berries dark blue, globose, 5–8 × 5–8 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Nov–Mar.
Habitat: Tropical woodlands primarily over coral-reef limestone, 0–10 m

Distribution

V6 324-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies (Bahamas), West Indies (Cuba), West Indies (Hispaniola), West Indies (Puerto Rico)

Discussion

Passiflora multiflora can produce hundreds to thousands of flowers at once, often in several fragrant flushes per season. It has perhaps the smallest flowers of any passionflower, and the androgynophore is nearly absent. A glabrous form of this otherwise densely hairy species has been collected outside the flora area.

Passiflora miniata Vanderplank (often misidentified as P. coccinea Aublet) will key to P. multiflora based upon superficial similarity of their leaves. However, P. miniata has serrated leaf margins and large, red flowers.

Passiflora multiflora is listed as endangered in Florida.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Passiflora multiflora"
short-to-elongate +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Douglas H. Goldman +  and John M. MacDougal +
Linnaeus +
smooth;rough or corky +
cuneate;cordate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
unlobed +  and rarely obscurely 3-5-lobed +
1.5cm;4cm +
scattered;whorled +
Many-flowered passionflower +
Fla. +, West Indies (Bahamas) +, West Indies (Cuba) +, West Indies (Hispaniola) +  and West Indies (Puerto Rico) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.5mm +  and 1mm +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
Tropical woodlands primarily over coral-reef limestone, 0–10 m +
many-branched +  and simple +
paired +  and solitary +
soft-hairy +
membranous +
yellow +  and white +
clavate +, terete +  and filiform +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
3[-5]-carpellate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Flowering Nov–Mar. +
compressed +
green-white +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
fluted;terete +
2-lobed;clavate;reniform +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
linear-setaceous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
distinct +
grooved +  and reticulate +
Passiflora multiflora +
Passiflora +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
herbaceous +  and woody +