Passiflora pallens

Poeppig ex Masters in C. F. P. von Martius et al.

in C. F. P. von Martius et al., Fl. Bras. 13(1): 567, plate 128, fig. 4. 1872.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 180. Mentioned on page 172, 174, 181.

Stems terete when young, glabrous. Leaves weakly to moderately pungent, glabrous; stipules subreniform, 10–20 × 5–14 mm, eglandular; petiole glandular, glands clavate; blade roughly symmetric, 1.5–6 × 2.5–9 cm, shallowly 3-lobed, middle lobe as long as or longer than lateral lobes, margins serrate basally; abaxial fine veins moderately raised, abaxial nectaries absent. Floral bracts ovate, 10–20 × 9–12 mm, margins basally serrate to glandular-serrate basally. Flowers: floral-tube cuplike, 3–5 mm deep; sepals white, 30–35 × 7–12 mm; petals white, 20–30 × 6–10 mm; corona filament whorls 4, outer filaments green basally, white apically, with alternating lines of purple, linear, terete, 7–15 mm. Berries yellow to yellow-orange, ovoid, 30–50 × 25–35 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Dec.
Habitat: Margins of and sunny gaps within mesic to wet tropical to subtropical woodlands
Elevation: 0–10 m

Distribution

V6 329-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., West Indies (Cuba), West Indies (Hispaniola)

Discussion

Leaf and stipule variegation, although rare within subg. Passiflora, is occasionally found in Passiflora pallens, and may serve to camouflage plants from predators in the dappled shade of their habitats. Listed as endangered in Florida, in the flora area it is found only in the southernmost part of the state.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Passiflora pallens"
short-to-elongate +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Douglas H. Goldman +  and John M. MacDougal +
Poeppig ex Masters in C. F. P. von Martius et al. +
smooth;rough or corky +
cuneate;cordate +
yellow +  and yellow-orange +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
3-lobed +
2.5cm;9cm +
scattered;whorled +
Fla. +, West Indies (Cuba) +  and West Indies (Hispaniola) +
0–10 m +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
9mm +  and 12mm +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
clavate +
Margins of and sunny gaps within mesic to wet tropical to subtropical woodlands +
many-branched +  and simple +
paired +  and solitary +
membranous +
alternating +
basally serrate +  and glandular-serrate +
white +  and green +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
3[-5]-carpellate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Dec. +
in C. F. P. von Martius et al., Fl. Bras. +
compressed +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
2-lobed;clavate;reniform +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
subreniform +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
distinct +
grooved +  and reticulate +
Passiflora pallens +
Passiflora +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
herbaceous +  and woody +