Passiflora tarminiana

Coppens & V. E. Barney

Novon 11: 9, figs. 1, 3, plate 1. 2001.

Common names: Banana poka
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 178. Mentioned on page 173, 174, 179.

Stems terete, densely hairy. Leaves not pungent, densely soft-hairy abaxially, sparsely hairy adaxially; stipules subreniform, often leaflike, 4–7 × 2–3 mm, eglandular; petiole glandular, glands emergent protuberances; blade roughly symmetric, 5.5–16 (–28) × 7–16 (–29) cm, deeply 3-lobed, middle lobe as long as or longer than lateral lobes, margins serrate; abaxial fine veins prominently raised, abaxial nectaries absent. Floral bracts leaflike, 25–50 × 20–30 mm, margins entire, eglandular. Flowers: floral-tube elongate, 60–80 mm deep; sepals pink, 45–60 × 12–25 mm; petals pink, 40–54 × 15–20 mm; corona filament whorls 1, filaments tuberculate knobs, purple basally, white apically, 1–2 mm. Berries yellow to orange-yellow, oblong to ellipsoid-fusiform, 100–140 × 35–45 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep(–Dec).
Habitat: Pine or oak woodlands and woodland edges
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V6 323-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Calif., South America (Colombia), South America (Ecuador), South America (Peru), South America (Venezuela)

Discussion

Passiflora tarminiana is sparingly naturalized in the eastern San Francisco Bay area (F. Hrusa et al. 2002) and southward along the coast to San Luis Obispo County, in areas of minimal summer drought.

This species was recently described, and is commonly confused with Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L. H. Bailey [now usually recognized as P. tripartita var. mollissima (Knuth) Holm-Nielsen & P. Jørgensen]. Many reports of P. mollissima in agricultural, horticultural, and weed-science literature actually apply to P. tarminiana. An attractive plant with large, edible fruits (T. Ulmer and J. M. MacDougal 2004), it is an extremely aggressive weed in Hawaii (A. M. La Rosa 1984, as P. mollissima) and other areas where it has been introduced in the Old World tropics and subtropics. The species is unlikely to become a widespread weed in the continental United States because it cannot survive frost nor occasional desiccation.

A similar, closely related species, Passiflora mixta Linnaeus f., is a rare escape in San Francisco, California; it can be distinguished from P. tarminiana by its angular young stems, persistent stipules (deciduous in P. tarminiana), and a floral tube 80–110 mm deep, 1.6–2.6 times the sepal length (1.3–1.6 times in P. tarminiana).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Passiflora tarminiana"
short-to-elongate +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Douglas H. Goldman +  and John M. MacDougal +
Coppens & V. E. Barney +
smooth;rough or corky +
cuneate;cordate +
yellow +  and orange-yellow +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (28 cm280 mm <br />0.28 m <br />) +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (29 cm290 mm <br />0.29 m <br />) +
5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
3-lobed +
7cm;16cm +
scattered;whorled +
Banana poka +
Calif. +, South America (Colombia) +, South America (Ecuador) +, South America (Peru) +  and South America (Venezuela) +
0–100 m +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
20mm +  and 30mm +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
Pine or oak woodlands and woodland edges +
many-branched +  and simple +
paired +  and solitary +
tuberculate +
hairy +  and soft-hairy +
membranous +
entire +  and serrate +
3[-5]-carpellate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5.4 cm54 mm <br />0.054 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Sep(–Dec). +
compressed +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Introduced +
2-lobed;clavate;reniform +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
subreniform +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
distinct +
grooved +  and reticulate +
Passiflora tarminiana +
Passiflora +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
herbaceous +  and woody +