Pedicularis bracteosa

Bentham in W. J. Hooker

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 110. 1838.

Common names: Bracted or towering lousewort
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 515. Mentioned on page 510, 511, 512, 513, 530.

Plants 20–80 cm. Leaves: basal 0–10, blade lanceolate, 20–120 x 10–60 mm, 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping or slightly overlapping distally, 1-serrate or 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous; cauline 4–10, blade lanceolate, 10–270 x 8–150 mm, undivided or 1-pinnatifid or 2-pinnatifid, margins of adjacent lobes nonoverlapping, serrate to 2-serrate, surfaces glabrous or scattered glandular. Racemes simple, 1–4, exceeding basal leaves, each 15–75-flowered; bracts lanceolate or subulate to trullate, 10–20 x 2–10 mm, undivided, proximal margins entire, distal entire or serrate, surfaces glabrous, hispid, or tomentose. Pedicels 0.5–1 mm. Flowers: calyx 7–15 mm, glabrous or tomentose, lobes 5, triangular or filiform, 1–10 mm, apex entire, glabrous or ciliate; corolla 14–27 mm, tube yellow or dark blood red, 6–12 mm; galea yellow to yellow tinged with red, purple-tinged with yellow, or dark blood red, 6–15 mm, beakless or beaked, beak straight, 0.8–2.5 mm, margins entire medially and distally, apex arching over abaxial lip; abaxial lip expanded, yellow, yellow tinged with purple, or dark blood red, 4.5–6.5 mm.

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Varieties 8 (8 in the flora).

Pedicularis bracteosa is found in subalpine habitats across much of western North America, occurring throughout the Rocky Mountains from central British Columbia and Alberta to northern New Mexico, as well as the Coast Range south to northern California.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Galeas beaked. > 2
2 Calyces tomentose. Pedicularis bracteosa var. canbyi
2 Calyces glabrous. Pedicularis bracteosa var. siifolia
1 Galeas beakless. > 3
3 Calyx lobes filiform. > 4
4 Corollas: tubes yellow, galeas yellow to yellow tinged with red, or purple tinged with yellow, abaxial lips yellow to yellow tinged with purple. Pedicularis bracteosa var. bracteosa
4 Corollas: tubes, galeas, and abaxial lips dark blood red. Pedicularis bracteosa var. atrosanguinea
3 Calyx lobes triangular. > 5
5 Galeas 10–15 mm. Pedicularis bracteosa var. paysoniana
5 Galeas 7–11 mm. > 6
6 Galea apices acute; British Colombia, Idaho, Washington. Pedicularis bracteosa var. latifolia
6 Galea apices obtuse; Blue and Wallowa mountains, Cascade Range, Oregon and Washington. > 7
7 Calyces slightly hispid; Cascade Range, Oregon and Washington. Pedicularis bracteosa var. flavida
7 Calyces tomentose; Blue and Wallowa mountains, Oregon, and Washington. Pedicularis bracteosa var. pachyrhiza
... more about "Pedicularis bracteosa"
red +, dark blood +, punct +, yellow tinged with purple +  and yellow +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
ciliate +  and glabrous +
Bruce W. Robart +
Bentham in W. J. Hooker +
straight +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (27 cm270 mm <br />0.27 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;undivided;lanceolate;2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;lanceolate +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
8mm;150mm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
subulate +  and trullate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
tomentose;glabrous +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Bracted or towering lousewort +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
beaked +  and beakless +
red +, yellow +  and yellow tinged with red punct purple-tinged with yellow punct or dark blood +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
filiform +  and triangular +
entire +, serrate +  and 2-serrate +
nonoverlapping +  and overlapping +
crenate +  and serrate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
15-75-flowered;simple +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
tomentose;hispid;tomentose;hispid;glabrous;glandular;scattered;glabrous;glabrous +
Elephantella +  and Pediculariopsis +
Pedicularis bracteosa +
Pedicularis +
species +
red;dark blood;yellow +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +