Pedicularis bracteosa var. atrosanguinea

(Pennell & J. W. Thompson) Cronquist in C. L. Hitchcock et al.

Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. 4: 356. 1959.

Common names: Dark-flowered lousewort
Endemic
Basionyms: Pedicularis atrosanguinea Pennell & J. W. Thompson Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 61: 443. 1934
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 515.

Flowers: calyx hispid, lobes filiform; corolla: tube dark blood red; galea dark blood red, 8–13 mm, beakless, apex obtuse; abaxial lip dark blood red. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Subalpine edges and openings in coniferous forests.
Elevation: 1200–1600 m.

Discussion

Variety atrosanguinea is only known from the Olympic Mountains and mountains of Vancouver Island. It has solid, blood red corollas as opposed to the mostly yellow to partly purple corollas of var. bracteosa. Populations with yellow corollas, identified as var. bracteosa, have been collected from the southern Olympic Mountains in the vicinity of Mt. Steel. Both varieties are easily distinguishable by their filiform calyx lobes compared to the triangular lobes of other varieties.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

red +  and dark blood +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
beakless +  and beaked +
ciliate +  and glabrous +
Bruce W. Robart +
(Pennell & J. W. Thompson) Cronquist in C. L. Hitchcock et al. +
Pedicularis atrosanguinea +
straight +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (27 cm270 mm <br />0.27 m <br />) +
2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;undivided;lanceolate;2-pinnatifid;1-pinnatifid;lanceolate +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
8mm;150mm +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
subulate +  and trullate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
tubular +, campanulate +  and symmetric +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
fleshy +  and woody +
whorled +  and alternate +
Dark-flowered lousewort +
white +, yellow +, red +, purple +  and pink +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
B.C. +  and Wash. +
1200–1600 m. +
hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
red +  and dark blood +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
Subalpine edges and openings in coniferous forests. +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
filiform +
entire +, serrate +  and 2-serrate +
nonoverlapping +  and overlapping +
crenate +  and serrate +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Aug. +
Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N.W. +
15-75-flowered;simple +
5 +  and 100 +
5 +  and 2 +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
Woolly (?) +, Villous (?) +, Hispid (?) +  and Glabrous (?) +
tomentose;hispid;tomentose;hispid;glabrous;glandular;scattered;glabrous;glabrous +
Elephantella +  and Pediculariopsis +
Pedicularis bracteosa var. atrosanguinea +
Pedicularis bracteosa +
variety +
red;dark blood +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +