Pellaea glabella

Mettenius ex Kuhn

Linnaea 36: 87. 1869.

Common names: Pelléade glabre
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems compact, ascending, stout, 5–10 mm diam.; scales uniformly reddish-brown, linear-subulate, 0.1–0.3 mm wide, thin, margins sinuous, entire to denticulate. Leaves monomorphic, clustered on stem, 2–40 cm; croziers sparsely villous. Petiole brown, lustrous, rounded adaxially, occasionally with prominent articulation lines near base. Blade linear-oblong to ovatelanceolate, 1–2-pinnate proximally, 1–8 cm wide; rachis brown throughout, straight, rounded adaxially, nearly glabrous. Pinnae somewhat ascending, decurrent on rachis, usually with 3–7 lobes or ultimate segments; costae when present straight, 1–50 mm, often shorter than ultimate segments. Ultimate segments oblong-lanceolate, 5–20 mm, leathery to herbaceous, glabrous except for occasional hairlike scales abaxially near midrib; margins recurved on fertile segments, covering less than 1/2 abaxial surface, borders whitish, erose-denticulate; apex obtuse. Veins of ultimate segments usually obscure. Sporangia long-stalked, containing 32 or 64 spores, not intermixed with farina-producing glands.

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Man., Ont., Que., Sask., Ariz., Ark., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mass., Md., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.Dak., N.Mex., N.Y., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Vt., W.Va., Wash., Wis., Wyo., only in the flora

Discussion

Pellaea glabella includes four geographically and genetically isolated taxa treated here as subspecies. D. B. Lellinger (1985) recognized three species in this difficult group, but isozyme analyses (G. J. Gastony 1988) showed that one of these (P. suksdorfiana) is an autotetraploid derivative of the diploid known as P. occidentalis. As a result, Gastony recognized just two species: P. glabella (with two varieties) and P. occidentalis (with two subspecies). The few morphologic features that distinguish these taxa, however, are subtle and environmentally plastic, and the isozyme data indicate that they are less divergent genetically than any other pair of Pellaea species in North America. Therefore, a more conservative taxonomic treatment seems warranted.

Subspecies 4.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Sporangia containing 32 spores; spores averaging 60-72 µm diam. > 2
1 Sporangia containing 64 spores; spores averaging 38-52 µm diam. > 3
2 Some ultimate segments (especially terminal segments) with hairlike scales abaxially near midrib; e North America (with outlying station in Texas panhandle). Pellaea glabella subsp. glabella
2 Ultimate segments essentially glabrous; w North America. Pellaea glabella subsp. simplex
3 Ultimate segments (especially terminal segments) with hairlike scales abaxially near midrib; Missouri. Pellaea glabella subsp. missouriensis
3 Ultimate segments glabrous; w North America. Pellaea glabella subsp. occidentalis
... more about "Pellaea glabella"
Michael D. Windham +
Mettenius ex Kuhn +
cordate +, truncate +  and rounded +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
linear-oblong +  and ovatelanceolate +
1cm;8cm +
erose-denticulate +
Pelléade glabre +
straight +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.Dak. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and only in the flora +
yellow +  and white +
obcordate;reniform +
monomorphic +
clustered;widely scattered +
recurved +  and reflexed +
noncircinate +  and circinate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
entire +, erose +  and dentate +
entire +  and denticulate +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
reddish-brown +
persistent +
occasional +
hairlike +  and linear-subulate +
thin +, 0.1mm +  and 0.3mm +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
brown +  and tan +
1 +, 32 +  and 64 +
cristate +  and tetrahedral-globose +
dark colored +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Pellaea glabella +
species +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
leathery +  and herbaceous +
crescent--shaped +  and roundish +
branched +  and anastomosing +