Pieris phillyreifolia

(Hooker) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 599. 1839 ,.

Common names: Vine-wicky climbing fetterbush
IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Andromeda phillyreifolia Hooker Icon. Pl. 2: plate 122. 1837
Synonyms: Ampelothamnus phillyreifolius (Hooker) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 498.

Shrubs or vines, to 1 m, climbing to 10 m within fibrous bark of Taxodium or Chamaecyparis by means of flattened rhizomes that, at intervals, give rise to emergent branches; twigs multicellular stipitate-glandular-hairy, otherwise sparsely to moderately unicellular-hairy. Stems ± terete. Leaf-blades ovate, elliptic, or slightly obovate, (1–) 2–6 (–7) × (0.3–) 0.3–2 (–2.7) cm, base narrowly cuneate to rounded, margins obscurely to clearly toothed, especially near apex, revolute, apex acute to rounded. Inflorescences axillary racemes, from near stem apex; bracteoles near apex to middle of pedicel. Flowers: calyx lobes 3.5–5 × 1–1.5 mm; corolla cylindric-urceolate, weakly 5-ridged, 6–8 (–8.5) × 4–5 mm; filaments geniculate, 4–6 mm, glabrous; style strongly sunken into ovary apex. Capsules subglobose, 2.5–4 × 3.5–5.3 mm, glabrous; placentae central to nearly basal. Seeds angular-ovoid to obovoid or narrowly conic, not winged; testa cells isodiametric.


Phenology: Flowering winter–spring.
Habitat: Taxodium, Chamaecyparis, or broad-leaved swamps, wet depressions in pine forests
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V8 972-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., Miss., S.C.

Discussion

Pieris phillyreifolia is the only viny member of the Ericaceae in the United States; like P. cubensis Small of Cuba and P. swinhoei Hemsley of China, it has more or less isodiametric testa cells; it has been placed in sect. Phillyreoides Bentham & Hooker f.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Pieris phillyreifolia"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Acute (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
Walter S. Judd +
(Hooker) de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
narrowly cuneate;rounded +
Andromeda phillyreifolia +
obovate;elliptic;obovate;elliptic;ovate +
coriaceous +
distal +  and proximal +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
subglobose +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.53 cm5.3 mm <br />0.0053 m <br />) +
Vine-wicky +  and climbing fetterbush +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Miss. +  and S.C. +
0-100 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
geniculate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose;ovoid +
Taxodium, Chamaecyparis, or broad-leaved swamps, wet depressions in pine forests +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering winter–spring. +
central +  and nearly basal +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
flattened +
distinct +
angular-ovoid +  and obovoid or narrowly conic +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
papillose +
procumbent +  and creeping +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +  and reticulodromous +
stipitate-glandular-hairy +
Ampelothamnus phillyreifolius +
Pieris phillyreifolia +
species +
isodiametric +  and elongate +
multicellular +
unicellular-hairy +  and stipitate-glandular-hairy +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
vine +, climbing +  and shrub +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +