Potentilla wheeleri

S. Watson

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 148. 1876.

Common names: Wheeler’s cinquefoil
Endemic
Synonyms: Potentilla wheeleri var. paupercula Jepson
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 185. Mentioned on page 171, 183.

Short hairs not well differentiated from long hairs, absent or sparse throughout. Stems 0.2–2.5 dm. Basal leaves palmate, 1.5–9.5 cm; petiole 1–7 cm, long hairs abundant to dense, spreading to appressed, 1–2 mm, weak to stiff, glands ± abundant; leaflets 5, central cuneate-elliptic to obovate, 0.5–2.5 × 0.3–1.5 cm, scarcely to distinctly petiolulate, distal 1/3 of margins evenly incised ± 1/4 to midvein, teeth 2–4 (–5) per side, surfaces gray-green, long hairs abundant to dense, 1–1.5 mm, glands ± abundant, sometimes obscured. Inflorescences 1–20-flowered. Pedicels 0.5–1.5 cm. Flowers: epicalyx bractlets lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, 1–3.5 × 1–1.5 mm; hypanthium 2–4 mm diam.; sepals 2–5 mm, apex ± acute; petals ± paler abaxially, bright-yellow adaxially, ± obcordate, 3–6 × 2–5 mm; filaments 1–2 mm, anthers 0.5 mm; carpels ca. 20, styles (1.2–) 1.5–2 mm. Achenes 1–1.5 mm, lightly rugose.


Phenology: Flowering May–Sep.
Habitat: Sandy flats, streamsides, lake margins, open conifer woodlands, alpine fellfields
Elevation: 1800–3500 m

Discussion

Potentilla wheeleri is found in the southern Sierra Nevada and San Bernardino Mountains of southern California. Compact plants on the summit of Mount San Gorgonio, described by Jepson as var. paupercula, show no consistent difference to justify their taxonomic segregation. Variety viscidula Rydberg has been misapplied to Arizona populations now called P. rhyolitica. Plants identified as P. wheeleri (excluding P. rimicola) from the Sierra San Pedro Mártir (Baja California) stand as a distinct species, P. luteosericea Rydberg (= P. pinetorum Wiggins).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Potentilla wheeleri"
1mm +  and 1.5mm +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
Barbara Ertter +
S. Watson +
opposite +  and alternate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (9.5 cm95 mm <br />0.095 m <br />) +
Subviscosae +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
less cordate or reniform +  and narrowly elliptic +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
reduced +
free +  and distinct +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
cuneate-elliptic +  and obovate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Wheeler’s cinquefoil +
not +  and aggregated +
1800–3500 m +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and ovate-elliptic +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
5-merous +, racemiform +, open +, cymose +  and 2-10(-20)-flowered +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
deciduous +
on style scar +, hairy +  and glabrous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br />) +
Sandy flats, streamsides, lake margins, open conifer woodlands, alpine fellfields +
stoloniferous +  and short-rhizomatous +
straight +
weak +  and stiff +
spreading +  and appressed +
abundant +  and sparse +
crisped +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
differentiated +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
bipinnate +, odd-pinnate +, subpalmate +, palmate +  and ternate +
opposite +  and alternate +
marcescent +
well-developed +
persistent +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
separate +  and slightly overlapping +
orbiculate +, elliptic +  and broadly obovate or cuneate +
linear +  and oblanceolate +
palmate +  and pinnate +
1/5 +  and 3/4 +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Sep. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
palmate +  and ternate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
usually not much longer +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and spreading +
lanceolate +  and broadly ovate or deltate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
not rooting +
reddish +  and green +
1-3(-5) times basal leaves +
prostrate to decumbent +
1 +  and many +
not flagelliform +
palmate +  and pinnate +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
deciduous +
distinct +
subapical +
papillate-swollen +, tapered-columnar +  and filiform +
rough-thickened +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
not glaucous +
Potentilla wheeleri var. paupercula +
Potentilla wheeleri +
Potentilla sect. Subviscosae +
species +
2 +  and 4 +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +
tufted +  and rosetted +
biennial +, annual +  and perennial +
herb +  and matted +