Ptilagrostis

Griseb.
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 143.

Plants perennial; tightly cespitose, not rhizomatous. Culms 10-60 cm tall, 0.4-1.2 mm thick, erect, glabrous, not branching at the upper nodes; nodes 1, exposed; basal branching intravaginal; prophylls shorter than the sheaths. Leaves mostly basal, not overwintering; cleistogenes not developed; sheaths open for most of their length, glabrous, smooth to somewhat scabrous; auricles absent; ligules 0.2-3 mm, membranous, rounded to acute, glabrous, not ciliate; blades convolute, 0.2-0.6 mm in diameter, apices stiff, flag leaf-blades longer than 1 cm. Inflorescences terminal panicles; branches capillary, often flexuous, sometimes straight, glabrous or sparsely hirtellous; disarticulation above the glumes, beneath the floret. Spikelets 3.4-7 mm, with 1 floret; rachillas not prolonged beyond the floret. Glumes subequal, hyaline, mostly purplish, venation not evident, apices rounded to acute; florets slightly shorter than the glumes, terete; calluses 0.1-0.8 mm, blunt, hairy; lemmas thickly membranous, smooth, hairy over the basal portion or throughout, hairs 0.2-0.4 mm, margins flat, not overlapping at maturity, apices lobed, lobes 0.1-1 mm, membranous, apices with a single terminal awn, lemma-awn junction evident; awns 5-30 mm, centric, persistent, once or twice-geniculate, sometimes weakly so, scabrous or hairy, hairs to 2 mm; paleas slightly shorter to slightly longer than the lemmas, hairy, hairs to 0.5 mm, 2-veined, not keeled over the veins, flat between the veins, veins ending before the apices, apices rounded; lodicules 3, free, membranous; anthers 3, 0.4-3.3 mm, sometimes penicillate; ovaries glabrous; styles 2, white, free to the base. Caryopses 2-5 mm, fusiform, not ribbed, x = unknown.

Distribution

Calif., Colo., N.Mex.

Discussion

Ptilagrostis is an alpine and subalpine genus of about 9 species. It grows in central Asia and the high mountains of western North America, sometimes in bogs. Its leaves differ from those of most other members of the Stipeae in lacking sclerenchyma pillars or girders. Two species are native to the Flora region.

Key

1 Awns not hairy; panicles loosely contracted Ptilagrostis kingii
1 Awns hairy, hairs on the lowest segment 1-2 mm long; panicles open or loosely contracted Ptilagrostis porteri

"decumbent" is not a number."prolonged" is not a number.

... more about "Ptilagrostis"
membranous +  and scarious +
penicillate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br />) +
awned +, bifid +, bilobed +  and entire +
Rounded (?) +, Lobed (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Mary E. Barkworth +
Griseb. +
twisted +  and not branched +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
subterminal +  and eccentric +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
keeled +  and rounded +
pseudopetiolate +  and branching +
intravaginal +, extravaginal +, branching +  and basal +
swelling +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
not evident +
cross +, linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
straight +  and flexuous +
hirtellous +  and glabrous +
capillary +
well-developed +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
not branching +
perennial +  and annual +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
not woody +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
Calif. +, Colo. +  and N.Mex. +
0 +  and 1/3 +
liquid +, soft +  and hard +
capillary +
pistillate +  and staminate +
sometimes longer +
purplish +  and hyaline +
1-10-veined +
subtending +
narrowly lanceolate +  and ovate +
subequal +
membranous +
not keeled +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
solid +  and hollow +
basally concentrated +  and evenly distributed +
ovate +, rectangular +  and lanceolate +
membranous +
rounded +  and acute +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
membranous +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
lanceolate +
not overlapping +
2 +  and 1 +
well-developed +
slightly longer +
reduced +
dry +  and fleshy +
not prolonged +
barkworth1983a +  and johnston2006a +
smooth to somewhat +
1 +  and 60 +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
laterally compressed +  and terete +
0.34 cm3.4 mm <br />0.0034 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
simple +  and compound +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
Gramineae +
Ptilagrostis +
Poaceae tribe Stipeae +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
plant +  and cespitose +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +
12 +, 11 +, 10 +, 8 +  and 7 +