Pyracantha coccinea

M. Roemer

Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 219. 1847.

Common names: Scarlet firethorn buisson ardent
IllustratedIntroduced
Basionym: Mespilus pyracantha Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 478. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 470. Mentioned on page 469.

Plants: crowns spreading, 10–60 dm. Stems: young twigs gray-hairy, glabrescent later. Leaves: stipules 4–8 mm; petiole 2–5 mm; blade elliptic or ovate to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 2–4 × 0.7–1.5 cm, base cuneate, margins finely crenulate-serrulate, apex acute, rarely obtuse, abaxial surface slightly hairy when young, glabrescent, adaxial glabrous. Inflorescences 3–4 cm diam.; bracteoles in distal axils 4–10 × 3–4 mm. Pedicels 3–10 mm, with coarse pale hairs. Flowers 6–8 mm diam.; hypanthium finely hairy; sepals triangular, 1.5–2 mm, apex acute; petals suborbiculate, 3–5 mm, apex rounded. Pomes bright red, 5–8 mm diam.; pedicels 5–12 mm. 2n = 34 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering Mar–May; fruiting Aug–Jan.
Habitat: Mixed conifer forests, disturbed ground, fields, thickets, roadsides
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V9 793-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; B.C., Ont., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Ga., Ind., Kans., La., Miss., Mo., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Wash., s Europe, w Asia, also in w Europe (England), e Asia (Japan), Africa (South Africa), Australia

Discussion

Pyracantha coccinea has been extensively planted throughout most of temperate North America. The species is native from southern Europe east to the Caucasus and western Asia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Pyracantha coccinea"
glabrescent +  and hairy +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Ronald W. Lance +  and Peter F. Zika +
M. Roemer +
fissured +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
Mespilus pyracantha +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
ovate +  and lanceolate or oblanceolate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
0.7cm +  and 1.5cm +
lanceolate +
adnate +  and distinct +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
Scarlet firethorn +  and buisson ardent +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
B.C. +, Ont. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, La. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Wash. +, s Europe +, w Asia +, also in w Europe (England) +, e Asia (Japan) +, Africa (South Africa) +  and Australia +
not +  and aggregated +
0–1500 m +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +, orange-red +  and red +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Mixed conifer forests, disturbed ground, fields, thickets, roadsides +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
late-deciduous +  and persistent +
crenulate-serrulate +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
crenulate +, revolute +  and flat +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
flat-topped +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Flowering Mar–May +  and fruiting Aug–Jan. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
bright red +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
incurved +, erect +  and spreading +
triangular +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
straight +
1 +  and 3 +
geniculate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
membranous +
persistent +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
elongate +
glabrescent +, sparsely hairy +  and densely tomentose +
Sportella +
Pyracantha coccinea +
Pyracantha +
species +
tomentose +  and glabrous +
inconspicuous +
glabrescent +  and gray-hairy +
reclining +  and spreading +