Pyrola elliptica

Nuttall

Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 273. 1818 ,.

Common names: Wax-flower wintergreen or shinleaf pyrole elliptique
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 382. Mentioned on page 379.

Plants rhizomatous, 1.1–2.7 (–3) dm. Leaves: petiole (8–) 12–40 mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade not or, rarely, obscurely maculate, dull and light green abaxially, shiny and dark green, rarely with white tissue bordering larger veins adaxially, broadly elliptic to oblong or oblong-obovate, 12–80 × (8–) 11–57 mm, subcoriaceous, base decurrent or acute to rounded, margins crenulate or obscurely denticulate, apex obtuse to rounded. Inflorescences 1 (–2) per stem, 3–14 (–21) -flowered; peduncular bracts absent or 1–2 (–4), subulate to linear-lanceolate or lanceolate, 3.5–10 × 0.5–1.2 mm, membranous, margins entire; inflorescence bracts subulate to narrowly lanceolate, usually shorter than or, rarely, longer than subtended pedicels, (2–) 2.5–10 × 0.3–1 mm, membranous. Pedicels 3–8 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes appressed or spreading in fruit, green or pinkish with margins hyaline to white, deltate to deltate-ovate, 1.2–2.1 (–2.6) × 1.2–1.9 (–2.3) mm, margins entire or obscurely erose-denticulate, apices acute to short-acuminate; petals white to greenish white, obovate, 6–8.8 (–10) × 3–5.4 mm, margins entire or obscurely erose-denticulate; stamens 4–6 mm; filament base 0.6–0.9 mm wide; anthers 2.2–3.5 mm, apiculations 0.1–0.4 mm, thecae creamy white or tan, tubules yellowish-brown, 0.3–0.6 mm, gradually narrowed from thecae, lateral walls touching for most of their lengths or connivent distally, pores 0.1–0.2 × 0.1–0.2 mm; ovary smooth; style exserted, 5–7 mm; stigma 0.7–1.2 (–1.5) mm wide, lobes erect. Capsules depressed-globose, 3–5 × 3.7–6.6 mm. 2n = 46.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jul.
Habitat: Dry, upland forests
Elevation: 10-1700 m

Distribution

V8 721-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ariz., Conn., Del., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broad" is not a number.

... more about "Pyrola elliptica"
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
Craig C. Freeman +
Nuttall +
acute;rounded +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
dark green +, light green +  and maculate +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
shiny +  and dull +
broadly elliptic;oblong or oblong-obovate +
subcoriaceous +
11mm;57mm +
0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br /> (0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br />) +
0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br />) +
spreading +  and appressed +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.19 cm1.9 mm <br />0.0019 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
depressed-globose +
0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br /> (0.66 cm6.6 mm <br />0.0066 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Wax-flower wintergreen or shinleaf +  and pyrole elliptique +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
10-1700 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
nodding +  and spreading +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +
Dry, upland forests +
multicellular +
3-14(-21)-flowered +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
subulate +  and narrowly lanceolate +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
hyaline +  and white +
erose-denticulate;entire;erose-denticulate;entire;denticulate;crenulate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
subulate +  and linear-lanceolate or lanceolate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
0.88 cm8.8 mm <br />0.0088 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.88 cm8.8 mm <br />0.0088 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.54 cm5.4 mm <br />0.0054 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
channeled +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Jul. +
Gen. N. Amer. Pl. +
distinct +
fusiform +
peltate +  and capitate +
0.7mm;1.2mm +
straight +
expanded +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Undefined subfam. Pyroloideae +, Undefined tribe Monotropaceae +  and Undefined tribe Pyrolaceae +
Pyrola elliptica +
species +
tan;creamy white +
narrowed +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +