Pyrola minor

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 396. 1753 ,.

Common names: Snow-line or lesser wintergreen
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 383. Mentioned on page 378, 379, 382.

Plants rhizomatous, (0.6–) 1.2–2.1 (–3) dm. Leaves: petiole 2–32 mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade not maculate, dull and light green abaxially, dull to shiny and green to dark green adaxially, oblongelliptic, ovate, obovate, or round, (5–) 20–30 (–42) × (7–) 14–27 mm, subcoriaceous, base rounded to subcordate, margins crenulate to crenulate-serrulate, apex obtuse or rounded. Inflorescences 1 per stem, 3–11 (–17) -flowered; peduncular bracts absent or 1–2, lanceolate to ovate or obovate, 4–6.5 × 0.7–2 mm, chartaceous or membranous, margins entire or obscurely erose-denticulate; inflorescence bracts lanceolate to ovatelanceolate, equaling or longer than subtended pedicels, (3–) 4–5 (–7.3) × 0.5–1.4 mm, chartaceous. Pedicels 2.5–4.5 mm. Flowers radially symmetric; calyx lobes appressed or spreading in fruit, green or pink with margins hyaline to white or pinkish, deltate, 1.3–1.8 × 1.3–1.8 mm, margins entire or erose-denticulate, especially distally, apices acute to obtuse or, rarely, acuminate; petals white or pink, obovate to broadly elliptic, (3–) 3.3–5 × 2.6–3.8 mm, margins entire; stamens 2.2–3.5 mm; filament base 0.1–0.4 mm wide; anthers 0.8–1.4 mm, apiculations absent or less than 0.1 mm, thecae creamy white to greenish white, often yellowish-brown distally, tubules absent, pores 0.1–0.3 × 0.05–0.1 mm; ovary smooth; style included, straight, (0.5–) 0.8–1.5 (–1.8) mm; stigma 0.9–1.3 mm wide, lobes spreading. Capsules depressed-globose, 3–4 × 4.5–5.4 mm. 2n = 46.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Moist, often mossy sites in coniferous and boreal forests, thickets, stream banks
Elevation: 10-3700 m

Distribution

V8 723-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Mex., N.Y., Oreg., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo., Eurasia

Discussion

Pyrola minor and P. asarifolia are broadly sympatric in North America. Scattered hybrids between these species have been reported, mostly from the area of sympatry (E. Haber 1984). Haber (1993) found herbarium evidence for at least one case of hybridization between P. minor and P. chlorantha. T. W. Böcher (1961) discussed hybrids between P. minor and P. grandiflora from western Greenland.

The straight style and actinomorphic corolla of Pyrola minor have been interpreted as paedomorphic conditions (J. V. Freudenstein 1999b). Among three northern European species of Pyrola studied by J. T. Knudsen and J. M. Olesen (1993), the shifts in floral morphology in P. minor were found to be associated with a significantly higher capacity for self-pollination.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broad" is not a number.

... more about "Pyrola minor"
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
Acuminate (?) +, , (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br />) +
Craig C. Freeman +
Linnaeus +
rounded;subcordate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4.2 cm42 mm <br />0.042 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
green +  and dark green +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
dull +  and shiny +
round;obovate;round;obovate;ovate;oblongelliptic +
subcoriaceous +
14mm;27mm +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
spreading +  and appressed +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
depressed-globose +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.54 cm5.4 mm <br />0.0054 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Snow-line or lesser wintergreen +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Greenland +, St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Mich. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and Eurasia +
10-3700 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
nodding +  and spreading +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +
Moist, often mossy sites in coniferous and boreal forests, thickets, stream banks +
multicellular +
3-11(-17)-flowered +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.73 cm7.3 mm <br />0.0073 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and ovatelanceolate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
hyaline +  and white or pinkish +
erose-denticulate;entire;erose-denticulate;entire;crenulate;crenulate-serrulate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and ovate or obovate +
membranous +  and chartaceous +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.26 cm2.6 mm <br />0.0026 m <br /> (0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br />) +
channeled +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.005 cm0.05 mm <br />5.0e-5 m <br /> (0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br />) +
distinct +
fusiform +
peltate +  and capitate +
0.9mm;1.3mm +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
straight +
expanded +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Undefined subfam. Pyroloideae +, Undefined tribe Monotropaceae +  and Undefined tribe Pyrolaceae +
Pyrola minor +
species +
yellowish-brown;creamy white;greenish white +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +