Quercus coccinea

Münchhausen

Hausvater 5(1): 254. 1770.

Common names: Scarlet oak
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Quercus coccinea var. tuberculata Sargent
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees, deciduous, to 30 m; lower trunk without stubs of dead branches. Bark dark gray to dark-brown, irregularly fissured with scaly ridges, inner bark orangish pink. Twigs reddish-brown, (1-) 2-3.5 mm diam., glabrous. Terminal buds dark reddish-brown, conic to ovoid, 4-7 mm, noticeably 5-angled in cross-section, usually silvery or tawny-pubescent distal to middle. Leaves: petiole 25-60 mm, glabrous. Leaf-blade elliptic to ovate or obovate, 70-160 × 80-130 mm, base obtuse to truncate, margins with 5-9 deep lobes and 18-50 awns, lobes distally expanded, sinuses usually extending more than 1/2 distance to midrib, apex acute; surfaces abaxially glabrous except for minute axillary tufts of tomentum, adaxially glossy light green, glabrous, secondary-veins raised on both surfaces. Acorns biennial; cup turbinate to hemispheric, 7-13 mm high × 16.5-31.5 mm wide, covering 1/3-1/2 nut, outer surface light to dark reddish-brown, glossy, glabrous to puberulent, inner surface light-brown, glabrous, occasionally with ring of pubescence around scar, scales often tuberculate, base broad, glossy, margins strongly concave with tips tightly appressed, acute to attenuate; nut oblong to subglobose, 12-22 × 10-21 mm, glabrous, with 1 or more rings of fine pits at apex, scar diam. 6.5-13.5 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Poor soils, well-drained uplands, dry slopes, and ridges, occasionally on poorly drained sites
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

V3 747-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Trees having acorns with broad, distinctly warty cups are sometimes classified as Quercus coccinea var. tuberculata Sargent.

Quercus coccinea reportedly hybridizes with Q. imbricaria, Q. ilicifolia (= Q. ×robbinsii Trelease), Q. laevis, and Q. palustris (E. J. Palmer 1948) and with Q. phellos, Q. rubra, and Q. velutina (= Q. ×fontana Laughlin).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Quercus coccinea"
Kevin C. Nixon +
Münchhausen +
furrowed +  and smooth +
dark gray;dark-brown +
fissured +
obtuse;truncate +
2-6-lobed +
pistillate +, capitate +  and spicate +
Scarlet oak +
connate +  and distinct +
starchy +  and fleshy +
tuberculate +
turbinate +  and hemispheric +
×16.5-31.5 +, 7mm +  and 13mm +
multibracteate +, spiny +  and scaly +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0-1500 m +
pistillate +  and staminate +
biennial +, annual +  and maturation +
1-seeded +  and winged +
in groups +  and enclosed +
Poor soils, well-drained uplands, dry slopes, and ridges, occasionally on poorly drained sites +
pistillate +, spicate +  and staminate +
silky-tomentose +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
arranged +  and alternate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
expanded +
entire +, dentate +  and serrate +
acute +  and attenuate +
1/3 +  and 1/2 +
light +  and dark reddish-brown +
glabrous +  and puberulent +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
Flowering spring. +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
distinct +
few-to-many +
tuberculate +
reduced +
0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br /> (1.35 cm13.5 mm <br />0.0135 m <br />) +
anastomosing +, branching +  and unbranched +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
inconspicuous +
distinct +
linear-spatulate +
Quercus coccinea var. tuberculata +
Quercus coccinea +
Quercus sect. Lobatae +
species +
silvery +  and dark reddish-brown +
distal +  and middle +
5-angled +, conic +  and ovoid +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
bristle-tipped +
reddish-brown +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +