Rhododendron prinophyllum

(Small) Millais

Rhododendrons, 229. 1917 ,.

Common names: Roseshell or early azalea election-pink
Endemic
Basionyms: Azalea prinophylla Small in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 29: 42. 1914
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 469. Mentioned on page 459, 465, 466, 470.

Shrubs, to 3 (–5) m, usually not rhizomatous. Stems: bark smooth to vertically furrowed, shredding; twigs scattered, multicellular eglandular-hairy (hairs unbranched), otherwise densely to sparsely unicellular-hairy. Leaves deciduous; petiole usually multicellular eglandular-hairy and unicellular-hairy; blade ovate to obovate, 3–9 × 1.2–3.7 cm, thin, membranous, margins entire, plane, conspicuously ciliate, eglandular-hairy (hairs ascending away from margins), apex acute to obtuse, often mucronate, abaxial surface sparsely to densely unicellular-hairy, sometimes also eglandular-hairy, adaxial surface usually sparsely unicellular-hairy, sometimes glabrous, often also scattered eglandular-hairy. Floral bud-scales very sparsely to densely unicellular-hairy abaxially, especially near midvein, margins unicellular-ciliate. Inflorescences 4–13-flowered; bracts similar to bud-scales. Pedicels 5–26 mm, usually stipitate-glandular-hairy, or, sometimes, also eglandular-hairy, otherwise sparsely to moderately unicellular-hairy. Flowers opening before or with leaves, erect to horizontal, fragrant (spicy-scented); calyx lobes 0.5–4 mm, surfaces and margins scattered stipitate-glandular and/or eglandular-hairy, otherwise sparsely to densely unicellular-hairy; corolla usually bright pink, without blotch on upper lobe, funnelform, 25–45 mm, scattered, multicellular stipitate-glandular-hairy (hairs not forming distinct lines), otherwise sparsely to moderately unicellular-hairy on outer surface, petals connate, lobes 10–23 mm, tube gradually expanded into lobes, 11–27 mm (equaling or longer than lobes); stamens 5, much exserted, ± unequal, 32–53 mm. Capsules borne on erect pedicel, 10–28 × 3–7 mm, stipitate-glandular-hairy, otherwise sparsely unicellular-hairy. Seeds without distinct tails, flattened portion of testa well developed at each end; testa expanded, dorsiventrally flattened, ± loose. 2n = 26.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Acidic thickets or bogs, swampy to dry, rocky woods, bluffs, ravines, or along streams
Elevation: 100-1500 m

Distribution

V8 918-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Conn., Ill., Ky., Md., Mass., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Rhododendron prinophyllum is unusual in its strongly disjunct distribution. Plants in the western portion of the range often have longer corolla tubes and are most similar to R. canescens and R. periclymenoides, and can be distinguished from both by their broader, more gradually expanded corolla tubes and usually consistently glandular sepal margins, pedicels, and ovaries. Hybrids are known with R. calendulaceum and R. periclymenoides. The name R. roseum (Loiseleur) Rehder, which has been used for this species, is illegitimate because it was superfluous when published (K. A. Kron 1989).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Rhododendron prinophyllum"
eglandular-hairy +  and unicellular-hairy +
eglandular-hairy +, glabrous +  and unicellular-hairy +
Mucronate (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Walter S. Judd +  and Kathleen A. Kron +
(Small) Millais +
smooth +  and vertically furrowed +
not flaky +
Azalea prinophylla +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
ovate;obovate +
membranous +
thin;1.2cm;3.7cm +
scale-like +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
unicellular-hairy +  and stipitate-glandular-hairy +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Roseshell or early azalea +  and election-pink +
multicellular +
unicellular-hairy +  and stipitate-glandular-hairy +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
100-1500 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
pendulous +  and erect +
usually ovoid;cylindric +
Acidic thickets or bogs, swampy to dry, rocky woods, bluffs, ravines, or along streams +
multicellular +
terminal +  and axillary +
deciduous +
fragrant +
10mm +  and 23mm +
unicellular-ciliate +  and ciliate +
unicellular-hairy +, eglandular-hairy +, stipitate-glandular +  and scattered +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
unicellular-hairy +, eglandular-hairy +  and stipitate-glandular-hairy +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
scale-like +
reduced +
not sticky +
multicellular +
unicellular-hairy +  and eglandular-hairy +
Flowering spring. +
4-5-carpellate +
Rhododendrons, +
distinct +
tailed +, flattened-ellipsoidal +  and fusiform +
unequal +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
unicellular-hairy +, eglandular-hairy +, stipitate-glandular +  and scattered +
Undefined tribe Empetraceae +
distinct +
Rhododendron prinophyllum +
Rhododendron +
species +
flattened +
expanded +
expanded +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
multicellular +
unicellular-hairy +  and eglandular-hairy +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +