Rosa gallica

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 492. 1753.

Common names: French or Gallic rose rose of Provence rosier de France
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 88.

Stems: distal branches green to dull red; prickles internodal, curved, sometimes erect, rarely hooked, declined, 3–7 × 2–5 mm. Leaves: stipules subulate, 14–24 × 3–5 mm, auricles 4–10 mm, surfaces pubescent, eglandular; petiole and rachis with sparse pricklets, puberulent, densely stipitate-glandular; leaflets 5 (–7), terminal blade slightly rugose, base obtuse to subcordate, margins shallowly 1 (–2) -dentate-crenate, teeth 14–23 per side, apex acute to acuminate, abaxial surfaces pale, gray green, sessile-glandular particularly on midveins, adaxial bluish green or dark green. Inflorescences 1–3 (–8) -flowered. Pedicels: bracts 1 or 2, caducous, lanceolate, 8–14 × 2–4 mm, margins ciliate, surfaces glabrous or pubescent, eglandular or stipitate-glandular. Flowers: hypanthium 5–7 × 3–5 (–7) mm, neck (0–) 1 × 3 mm; sepal tip 7 × 2 mm, erect or spreading; petals 27–35 × 20–30 mm [or larger]; styles exsert 2–4 mm beyond hypanthium orifice. Hips leathery. Achenes 3, 5 × 4–5 mm. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat: Waste areas, roadside thickets, railways, former house sites
Elevation: 0–500 m

Distribution

V9 130-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; N.S., Ont., Que., Conn., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wis., c, s Europe, w Asia (Caucasus), w Asia (Iraq), also in Mexico (Oaxaca), Central America, South America, w Europe (Guernsey), s Africa, Australia

Discussion

Rosa ×centifolia Linnaeus (cabbage rose), long cultivated with about 500 ornamental cultivars known, is a probable hybrid of R. gallica × R. ×moschata Herrmann; it is not known to produce seed (P. V. Heath 1992). A. Bruneau et al. (2007) found that plastid DNA markers of R. gallica and R. ×centifolia are identical, indicating that R. gallica is the maternal parent. Rosa damascena Miller (Damask rose) also is close to R. ×centifolia and is thought to have the same parentage; if this proves true, then R. ×centifolia is the earlier name.

Rosa gallica is used as a tonic, mild astringent, and eye wash, and to treat bowel complaints and excessive mucous discharges. Petals of the closely related R. ×centifolia are collected for the distillation of ‘rose water,’ a laxative used also to treat infantile diseases (J. Lindley 1838).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Rosa gallica"
gray green +  and pale +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
3 +  and 5×4-5 +
dark green +  and bluish green +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Walter H. Lewis +, Barbara Ertter +  and Anne Bruneau +
Linnaeus +
gray +, red +  and brown +
exfoliating +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
obtuse +  and subcordate +
2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
lustrous +  and dull +
smooth +  and rugose +
ovate +  and narrowly elliptic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
17mm +  and 30mm +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
French or Gallic rose +, rose of Provence +  and rosier de France +
1-16(-50)-flowered +
stipitate-glandular +, setose +  and glabrous +
N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wis. +, c +, s Europe +, w Asia (Caucasus) +, w Asia (Iraq) +, also in Mexico (Oaxaca) +, Central America +, South America +, w Europe (Guernsey) +, s Africa +  and Australia +
not +  and aggregated +
0–500 m +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
eglandular +  and glandular +
urceolate +, pyriform +, oblong +, ellipsoid +, ovoid-obovoid +  and globose +
Waste areas, roadside thickets, railways, former house sites +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +, setose +  and glabrous +
subglobose +  and globose +
leathery +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
purplish black +, purplish red +, orange-red +  and red +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
leathery +  and fleshy +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
declined +  and erect +
3-foliate +  and compound +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
10.5 cm105 mm <br />0.105 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
leathery +
petiolulate +  and subsessile +
elliptic +  and obovate more or less oblong obovate-elliptic lanceolate-elliptic or obovate-oblong +
entire +  and serrate +
stipitate-glandular +
1(-2)-dentate-crenate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
distinct +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
1-16(-50)-flowered +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and pubescent +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and puberulent +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Jul. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
declined +  and erect +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and puberulent +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
not arillate +
deciduous +  and caducous +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and reflexed +
deltate +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (?) +
spreading +  and erect +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
rarely densely puberulent +  and tomentose +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
procumbent +  and climbing +
arching +  and erect +
1 +  and 20 +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
persistent +
glabrous +  and pilose +
not elongate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +, pubescent +  and glabrous +
Rosa gallica +
Rosa sect. Gallicae +
species +
prolonged +
14 +  and 23 +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +  and small +