Rosa lucieae

Franchet & Rochebrune ex Crépin

Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 10: 324. 1871.

Common names: Lucie or memorial rose
Introduced
Synonyms: Rosa wichuraiana Crépin
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 85. Mentioned on page 83.

Stems procumbent or climbing, 10+ dm, rooting at nodes; bark of canes green or brown; prickles infrastipular and/or internodal, single or paired, curved or declined, ± stout, 4–5 × 2 mm, aciculi absent. Leaves deciduous (north) or semipersistent (south), 8–10 cm; stipules narrowly lanceolate, 10–12 × 2–3 mm, auricles erect, sometimes flared, 2–4 mm, margins fimbriate, stipitate-glandular, surfaces glabrous, eglandular; petiole and rachis with pricklets, glabrous, stipitate or, sometimes, sessile-glandular; leaflets 7–9, terminal: petiolule 5–9 mm, blade broadly ovate to obovate, 15–30 × 12–20 mm, leathery, base cuneate, margins 1 (–2) -serrate, teeth 12–16 per side, acute, gland-tipped, apex acute to acuminate, abaxial surfaces glabrous, eglandular except for glands on midveins, adaxial green, lustrous, glabrous. Panicles (1–) 5–20+-flowered. Pedicels 18–25 mm, glabrous, eglandular; bracts 1–3, lanceolate, 9–16 × 2.5–5 mm, margins sparsely stipitate-glandular, surfaces glabrous, eglandular. Flowers scent of apple or clover, 2–2.5 cm diam.; hypanthium urceolate, 4–6.5 × 2–3 mm, eglandular, neck (0–) 1 × 4–5 mm; sepals ovate-acuminate, 6–8 × 1–1.5 mm, margins pinnatifid, tip 2 × 0.5 mm, abaxial surfaces glabrous, eglandular; petals double, sometimes single, white, pink to rose distally, 13–15 × 11–15 mm; carpels 12–21, styles pilose, exsert 3.5–5 mm beyond stylar orifice (1.5–2 mm diam.), hypanthial disc appearing flattened with age, 3–4 mm diam. Hips red, globose, 5–10 × 5–9 mm, eglandular. Achenes 1–11, dark tan, 4–4.5 × 2–2.5 mm. 2n = 14 (28).


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Disturbed areas, roadsides, flood plains, old homesteads, dry woods, highway verges
Elevation: 0–500 m

Distribution

V9 124-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Fla., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Ky., La., Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Asia (China), Asia (Japan), Asia (Korea), also in Mexico, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Pacific Islands (Philippines)

Discussion

Introductions of Rosa lucieae in North America are largely from cultivars. The species is most common in southern and mid-latitudes of eastern and south-central United States. With spreading stems to 60 dm, R. lucieae is a typical stoloniferous plant forming carpets of colorful groundcover.

Rosa lucieae cultivars and hybrids have been widely used in breeding rambler and climbing roses. Its creeping stems extend to 60 dm and root readily, forming a white- or pink-petaled ground cover for gardens and cemeteries, and along highways where it also serves to stabilize verges. The most commonly found cultivar in North America is 'Dorothy Perkins'.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Rosa lucieae"
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
2mm +  and 2.5mm +
flattened +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Walter H. Lewis +, Barbara Ertter +  and Anne Bruneau +
Franchet & Rochebrune ex Crépin +
gray +, red +  and brown +
exfoliating +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
4.8 cm48 mm <br />0.048 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
lustrous +  and dull +
smooth +  and rugose +
broadly ovate +  and obovate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
12mm +  and 20mm +
persistent +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
lanceolate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
Lucie or memorial rose +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Asia (China) +, Asia (Japan) +, Asia (Korea) +, also in Mexico +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Pacific Islands (Philippines) +
not +  and aggregated +
0–500 m +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
eglandular +  and glandular +
urceolate +, pyriform +, oblong +, ellipsoid +, ovoid-obovoid +  and globose +
Disturbed areas, roadsides, flood plains, old homesteads, dry woods, highway verges +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
globose +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
purplish black +, purplish red +, orange-red +  and red +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
leathery +  and fleshy +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
(1-)4-30(-50)-flowered +
crassinucellate +
3-foliate +  and compound +
semipersistent +  and deciduous +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
leathery +  and membranous +
petiolulate +  and subsessile +
elliptic +  and obovate more or less oblong obovate-elliptic lanceolate-elliptic or obovate-oblong +
stipitate-glandular +
pinnatifid +  and fimbriate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
(1-)5-20+-flowered +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Pink (?) +  and Rose (?) +
free +  and distinct +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
, +  and stipitate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
flattened +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique +
not arillate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
free +  and distinct +
ovate-acuminate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
rarely densely puberulent +  and tomentose +
Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
climbing +  and procumbent +
1 +  and 20 +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
persistent +
free +  and connate +
not elongate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Rosa wichuraiana +
Rosa lucieae +
Rosa sect. Systylae +
species +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
gland-tipped +
12 +  and 16 +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +  and small +