Rubus hispidus

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 493. 1753.

Common names: Bristly or swamp dewberry ronce hispide
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Rubus blanchardianus (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey R. compos L. H. Bailey R. cubitans Blanchard R. davisiorum L. H. Bailey R. fassettii L. H. Bailey R. hispidus var. blanchardianus L. H. Bailey R. hispidus var. cupulifer L. H. Bailey R. hispidus var. obovalis (Michaux) Fernald R. huttonii L. H. Bailey R. paganus L. H. Bailey R. pervarius L. H. Bailey R. plus L. H. Bailey R. porteri L. H. Bailey R. provincialis L. H. Bailey R. pudens Blanchard R. rowleei L. H. Bailey R. signatus L. H. Bailey R. trifrons var. pudens (L. H. Bailey) Fernald R. vagulus R. vigil
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 41. Mentioned on page 32, 38, 39, 42, 53.

Shrubs, sometimes herblike, to 2 dm, armed. Stems biennial, creeping, tip-rooting, flowering branches often erect, glabrous or sparsely hairy, sparsely to densely short to long-stipitate-glandular, rarely eglandular, not pruinose; prickles sparse to dense, erect to retrorse, weak, slender, 1–3 (–5) mm, narrow-based; bristles sparse to dense, erect or retrorse, narrow, flexible and weak, not gland-tipped. Leaves persistent, ternate or, rarely, palmately compound, lustrous; stipules linear to narrowly lanceolate, (2–) 5–15 (–20) mm; leaflets 3 (–5), terminal obovate to suborbiculate, 1.7–6.5 × 1–5.2 cm, base cuneate to rounded, unlobed, margins moderately to coarsely doubly serrate, apex acute to rounded, abaxial surfaces with bristles on midvein or unarmed, glabrous or sparsely hairy, sparsely to densely short-stipitate-glandular along largest veins. Inflorescences terminal on short-shoots, usually appearing axillary, 1–7 (–10) -flowered, racemiform. Pedicels unarmed or bristles moderate to sometimes dense, erect to retrorse, moderately to densely hairy, sparsely to densely short to long-stipitate-glandular. Flowers bisexual; petals white, obovate to oblanceolate, 6–10 mm; filaments filiform; ovaries glabrous. Fruits black, globose to cylindric, to 1 cm; drupelets (5–) 10–15 (–20), strongly coherent, separating with torus attached. 2n = 14, 21, 28, 35, 56.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jul(–Aug).
Habitat: Moist to wet woodlands, meadows, openings, bogs, fens, disturbed areas, wet to dry soil
Elevation: 0–1500 m

Distribution

V9 50-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Rubus hispidus is identified mostly by its creeping primocanes with somewhat lustrous, coriaceous, and relatively small leaves that persist for nearly a year, and an armature of stiff hairs or, rarely, weak, slender prickles. Plants with few persistent leaves may be evidence of introgression with R. flagellaris or R. setosus. Hybrids with R. cuneifolius have been seen around abandoned commercial cranberry bogs in New Jersey (G. Moore, pers. obs.). The superficially similar R. caesius differs from R. hispidus in its pruinose stems, deciduous and non-lustrous leaves, and pruinose fruit.

Rubus hispidus is introduced in southwestern Washington State.

The following nothospecies names are based on putative hybrids involving Rubus hispidus and: R. canadensis (R. ×novanglicus L. H. Bailey); R. flagellaris (R. ×ambigens Fernald, R. ×distinctus L. H. Bailey, R. ×elongatus Brainerd & Peitersen [not R. elongatus Smith], R. ×emeritus L. H. Bailey, R. ×furtivus L. H. Bailey, R. ×kalamazoensis L. H. Bailey, R. ×permixtus Blanchard, R. ×rosendahlii L. H. Bailey, R. ×segnis L. H. Bailey, R. ×varus L. H. Bailey, R. ×vigoratus L. H. Bailey); R. setosus (R. ×adjacens Fernald, R. ×grandidens L. H. Bailey, R. ×harmonicus L. H. Bailey, R. ×jacens Blanchard, R. ×parlinii L. H. Bailey, R. ×spiculosus Fernald, R. ×tardatus Blanchard, R. ×tholiformis Fernald, R. ×trifrons Blanchard, R. ×zaplutus L. H. Bailey).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Rubus hispidus"
56 +, 35 +, 28 +, 21 +  and 14 +
eglandular +, with prickles +  and unarmed +
stipitate-glandular +, hairy +  and glabrous +
Lawrence A. Alice +, Douglas H. Goldman +, James A. Macklin +  and Gerry Moore +
Linnaeus +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
unlobed +, cuneate +  and rounded +
reniform +  and orbiculate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
not pruinose +
long-stipitate-glandular +, hairy +  and glabrous +
not gland-tipped +
not pruinose +
long-stipitate-glandular +  and hairy +
sparse to dense +
moderate +
free +  and distinct +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Bristly or swamp dewberry +  and ronce hispide +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–1500 m +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
without torus +  and separating +
coherent +
hairy +  and glabrous +
globose +  and cylindric +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
dryish +  and fleshy +
Moist to wet woodlands, meadows, openings, bogs, fens, disturbed areas, wet to dry soil +
eglandular or +  and sparsely densely glandular +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
glabrous or +  and sparsely densely pubescent +
racemiform +  and 1-7(-10)-flowered +
glabrous or +  and sparsely densely pubescent +
crassinucellate +
sparsely hairy +  and sparsely densely short-stipitate-glandular +
compound +, , +  and ternate +
persistent +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
obovate +  and suborbiculate +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 5.2 cm52 mm <br />0.052 m <br /> (?) +
revolute +  and finely coarsely crenate +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
collateral +  and apical +
1 +  and 2 +
stipitate-glandular +, glabrous or +  and sparsely densely hairy +
0 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Jul(–Aug). +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
sparse +  and dense +
erect +  and retrorse +
sparse to dense +
not +  and broad-based +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
not arillate +
eglandular +, armed +  and unarmed +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
reflexed +  and spreading +
stipitate-glandular +, hairy +  and glabrous +
lanceolate +  and long-caudate +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
shorter to longer +
tip-rooting +
scrambling +  and mounding +
ascending +, arching +  and erect +
1 +  and several +
angled +  and terete +
palmate +  and pinnate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
adnate +  and free +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
persistent +
distinct +
clavate +
slender +
Rubus blanchardianus +, R. compos +, R. cubitans +, R. davisiorum +, R. fassettii +, R. hispidus var. blanchardianus +, R. hispidus var. cupulifer +, R. hispidus var. obovalis +, R. huttonii +, R. paganus +, R. pervarius +, R. plus +, R. porteri +, R. provincialis +, R. pudens +, R. rowleei +, R. signatus +, R. trifrons var. pudens +, R. vagulus +  and R. vigil +
Rubus hispidus +
species +
inconspicuous +
convex +  and conic +
enlarged +  and small +
shrub +  and herblike +
fibrous +  and woody +