Sabal mexicana

Martius in C. F. P. von Martius el al.

in C. F. P. von Martius el al.,Historia Naturalis Palmarum 3: 246, plate 8. 18398.

Common names: Mexican pPalmetto sabal du Mexique
Synonyms: Inodes exul O. F. Cook Inodes mexicana (Martius) Standley Inodes texana O. F. Cook Sabal exul (O. F. Cook) L. H. Bailey Sabal texana (O. F. Cook) Beccari
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 108.

Stems aerial, 20–35 cm diam. Leaves 10–30, strongly costapalmate; hastula acute to acuminate, 9.5–15.5 cm; segments filiferous, 80–145 × 3.2–5.3 cm; apices bifid2-cleft. Inflorescences with 3 orders of branching (not counting main inflorescence axis), arching, about ± as long as leaves. Flowers 3.7–6.5 mm. Fruits black, oblate spheroid, length 13.8–17 mm, diam. diam. 14.8–19.3 mm. diam.. Seeds 5.4–7.4 mm, diam. 8.6–13.3 mm diam. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (all year in southern part of range).
Habitat: Mesic hammocks, floodplains, levees, river banks, swamps
Elevation: 0–50 m

Distribution

V22 367-distribution-map.jpg

Tex., Mexico, Central America (Guatemala), Central America (Honduras), Central America (El Salvador), Central America (Nicaragua)

Discussion

L. Lockett (1991) suggested that Hhybridization between Sabal mexicana and S. minor is possibly evidenced by a small population of caulescent palms in Brazoria County, Texas (L. Lockett 1991). Further research is needed to test this hypothesis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"diam" is not a number.

... more about "Sabal mexicana"
obtuse +  and acuminate-triangular +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
2-cleft (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Scott Zona +
Martius in C. F. P. von Martius el al. +
3-lobed +  and cupulate +
Mexican pPalmetto +  and sabal du Mexique +
Tex. +, Mexico +, Central America (Guatemala) +, Central America (Honduras) +, Central America (El Salvador) +  and Central America (Nicaragua) +
0–50 m +
lateral +  and apical +
membranaceous +
linear-lanceolate +
thread-like +
triangular +
creamy white +
adnate +, connate +  and distinct +
fragrant +
0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
berrylike +  and drupaceous +
13.8mm +  and 17mm +
apical +  and basal +
spheroid +  and oblate +
lobed +, spheroid +  and berrylike +
Mesic hammocks, floodplains, levees, river banks, swamps +
acute +  and acuminate +
9.5 cm95 mm <br />0.095 m <br /> (15.5 cm155 mm <br />0.155 m <br />) +
branched +  and spicate +
smooth +  and striate +
2-pinnate +  and pinnate +
dry +  and fleshy +
alternate +  and imbricate +
bearing prickles or marginal teeth +  and unarmed +
ridged +, channeled +  and terete +
Flowering spring–summer (all year in southern part of range). +
list +  and count +
v--shaped +  and tent--shaped +
germination +
in C. F. P. von Martius el al.,Historia Naturalis Palmarum +
adventitious +
0.86 cm8.6 mm <br />0.0086 m <br /> (1.33 cm13.3 mm <br />0.0133 m <br />) +
adhering to endocarp +  and free +
80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br /> (145 cm1,450 mm <br />1.45 m <br />) +
3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br /> (5.3 cm53 mm <br />0.053 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
covered with fibrous or prickly remains +  and smooth +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
erect +  and creeping +
enlarged;massive;slender +
papillose +
connate +  and distinct +
Inodes exul +, Inodes mexicana +, Inodes texana +, Sabal exul +  and Sabal texana +
Sabal mexicana +
species +
unbranched +  and branched +
tall +  and dwarf +
unisexual +  and bisexual +