Sabal palmetto

(Walter) Loddiges ex Schultes & Schultes f. in J. J. Roemer et al.

in J. J. Roemer et al.,Syst. Veg. 7(2):1487. 1830.

Common names: Cabbage-palm palmetto chou palmiste
Illustrated
Basionym: Corypha palmetto Walter Fl. Carol., 119. 1788
Synonyms: Chamaerops palmetto (Walter) Michaux Corypha palma W. Bartram Inodes palmetto (Walter) O. F. Cook Sabal jamesiana Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22. Treatment on page 109.
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Stems usually aerial, 20–35 cm diam. Leaves 15–30, strongly costapalmate, bearing threadlike fibers between segments; hastula acute to acuminate, 5.3–18 cm; segments 55–120 × 2.5–4.2 cm; apices bifid2-cleft. Inflorescences with 3 orders of branching (not counting main inflorescence axis), arching, equaling or exceeding leaves in length. Flowers 4.1–6.7 mm. Fruits black, spheroid, length 8–13.8 mm, diam. 8.1–13.9 mm. Seeds 4–7 mm, diam. 5.4–9.7 mm diam. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer (northern part of range) or year around (southern part of range).
Habitat: Hammocks, pinelands, river banks, dunes, tidal flats
Elevation: 0–40 m

Distribution

V22 323-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Ga., N.C., S.C., West Indies (Bahamas), West Indies (Cuba)

Discussion

Sabal palmetto grows in a variety of habitats, from pine and oak associations to coastal dunes and to coastal marshes (K. E. Brown 1976; S. Zona 1990). Like S. minor, it is polymorphic at the extremes of its range; however, differences in stature, size, and trunk characteristics are not of a magnitude to warrant taxonomic rank. In the pine rocklands of Dade County, Florida, S. palmetto may flower and fruit with little or no aboveground trunk.

Although Sabal palmetto is a moderately important honey plant, its greatest economic use is as an ornamental.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Sabal palmetto"
obtuse +  and acuminate-triangular +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
2-cleft (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Scott Zona +
(Walter) Loddiges ex Schultes & Schultes f. in J. J. Roemer et al. +
Corypha palmetto +
3-lobed +  and cupulate +
Cabbage-palm +, palmetto +  and chou palmiste +
Fla. +, Ga. +, N.C. +, S.C. +, West Indies (Bahamas) +  and West Indies (Cuba) +
0–40 m +
lateral +  and apical +
membranaceous +
linear-lanceolate +
thread-like +
triangular +
creamy white +
adnate +, connate +  and distinct +
fragrant +
0.41 cm4.1 mm <br />0.0041 m <br /> (0.67 cm6.7 mm <br />0.0067 m <br />) +
berrylike +  and drupaceous +
0.81 cm8.1 mm <br />0.0081 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.39 cm13.9 mm <br />0.0139 m <br /> (?) +
8mm +  and 13.8mm +
apical +  and basal +
spheroid +
lobed +, spheroid +  and berrylike +
Hammocks, pinelands, river banks, dunes, tidal flats +
acute +  and acuminate +
5.3 cm53 mm <br />0.053 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
branched +  and spicate +
arching +  and erect +
smooth +  and striate +
2-pinnate +  and pinnate +
dry +  and fleshy +
alternate +  and imbricate +
bearing prickles or marginal teeth +  and unarmed +
ridged +, channeled +  and terete +
Flowering spring–summer (northern part of range) or year around (southern part of range). +
list +  and count +
v--shaped +  and tent--shaped +
germination +
in J. J. Roemer et al.,Syst. Veg. +
brown1976a +
adventitious +
0.54 cm5.4 mm <br />0.0054 m <br /> (0.97 cm9.7 mm <br />0.0097 m <br />) +
adhering to endocarp +  and free +
bearing prickles +  and unarmed +
55 cm550 mm <br />0.55 m <br /> (120 cm1,200 mm <br />1.2 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4.2 cm42 mm <br />0.042 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
Illustrated +
covered with fibrous or prickly remains +  and smooth +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
erect +  and creeping +
enlarged;massive;slender +
papillose +
connate +  and distinct +
Chamaerops palmetto +, Corypha palma +, Inodes palmetto +  and Sabal jamesiana +
Sabal palmetto +
species +
unbranched +  and branched +
tall +  and dwarf +
unisexual +  and bisexual +