Salix ×sepulcralis

Simonkai
Common names: Weeping willow
Synonyms: Salix ×salamonii Carrière ex Henry Salix ×sepulcralis (Dode) Meikle
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 40. Mentioned on page 38, 41, 42.

Salix ×sepulcralis Simonkai: Weeping willow, S. alba × S. babylonica, introduced from Europe and widely naturalized throughout the world. It characterized by: trees, to 12 m, stems pendulous; branches somewhat to highly brittle at base, yellowish, yellow-green, or yellowbrown; branchlets yellowish, yellow-green, or golden; stipules rudimentary or foliaceous on late leaves; petiole not glandular or with pairs or clusters of spherical glands distally or scattered throughout, short-silky adaxially; largest medial blade amphistomatous or hemiamphistomatous, narrowly elliptic to very narrowly so, margins finely serrulate or spinulose-serrulate, abaxial surface glaucous, adaxial glaucous, sparsely long-silky to glabrescent, hairs white or white and ferruginous, adaxial surface slightly glossy; catkins on distinct flowering branchlet 3–14 mm; staminate moderately densely flowered, slender, 23–53 × 3–9 mm; pistillate moderately densely to loosely flowered, slender to stout, 18–30 × 3–8 mm, flowering branchlet 3–14 mm; pistillate bracts persistent after flowering; staminate abaxial and adaxial nectaries distinct; stamens 2; anthers 0.5–0.8 mm; pistillate nectary longer than stipe; stipe 0–0.2 mm; ovaries gradually tapering to styles; ovules 4 per ovary; styles 0.15–2 mm; capsules 1–2 mm.

Distribution

Introduced; B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Conn., D.C., Ill., Iowa, Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., Tenn., Utah, Va., W.Va.

Discussion

The most commonly cultivated, and sometimes escaped, weeping willow with golden or yellow-green branchlets is Salix ×sepulcralis nothovar. chrysocoma (Dode) Meikle. It probably originated as S. alba var. vitellina × S. babylonica (R. D. Meikle 1984). According to F. S. Santamour Jr. and A. J. McArdle (1988), S. ×sepulcralis cv. Salamonii has a broadly pyramidal crown and is only slightly pendulous. It is not clear just how this cultivar differs from S. ×pendulina. For a discussion of the taxonomy of these and other weeping willows see J. Chmela (1983).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Salix ×sepulcralis"
reddish turning yellow +  and yellow +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
Sinuate (?) +  and Toothed (?) +
George W. Argus +
Simonkai +
tapering +
ferruginous +  and white +
long-silky +, puberulent +  and glabrous +
toothed +  and 2-fid +
persistent +
not glaucous +
flowered +  and pistillate +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
subglobose +
slender +  and stout +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
pendulous +, spreading +  and erect +
Weeping willow +
B.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
connate +  and distinct +
glabrous +  and hairy +
greenish +  and tawny +
pistillate +  and staminate +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
spherical +
spinulose-serrulate +  and serrulate +
white and ferruginous +  and white +
sparsely long-silky +  and glabrescent +
unbranched +  and spicate +
subterminal +  and axillary +
membranaceous +
hemiamphistomatous +  and amphistomatous +
oblanceolate +, ovate +, lanceolate +, elliptic +, oblong +  and lorate +
arranged +  and alternate +
marcescent +
deciduous +
spinulose-serrulate +  and serrulate +
white and ferruginous +  and white +
sparsely long-silky +  and glabrescent +
rudimentary +
2-7[-10]-carpellate +
tapering +
with pairs or clusters of spherical glands +  and not glandular +
glandular-dotted +
Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) +
overlapping +
distinct +
branched +, sympodial +, monopodial +  and branching +
non-papillate +
cylindrical +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
caducous +  and persistent +
distinct +  and connate +
0.015 cm0.15 mm <br />1.5e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
spinulose-serrulate +  and serrulate +
white and ferruginous +  and white +
ferruginous +  and white +
sparsely long-silky +  and glabrescent +
Salix ×salamonii +  and Salix ×sepulcralis +
Salix ×sepulcralis +
Salix sect. Subalbae +
species +
rounded +
foliaceous +  and weeping +
golden +, yellow-green +, yellowbrown +  and yellowish +
2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (5.3 cm53 mm <br />0.053 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
sympodial +, branching +  and heterophyllous +