Salix boothii

Dorn

Canad. J. Bot. 53: 1505. 1975.

Common names: Booth’s willow
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Salix novae-angliae var. aequalis Andersson Salix pseudocordata var. aequalis (Andersson) C. R. Ball ex C. K. Schneider
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 113. Mentioned on page 87, 90, 92, 101, 102, 107, 108, 110, 112.

Plants 0.3–6 m. Stems: branches yellow-gray, yellowbrown, or redbrown, not glaucous, glabrous, pilose, or villous; branchlets yellowbrown, gray-brown, or redbrown, (not or weakly glaucous), glabrous, pilose, or moderately densely villous. Leaves: stipules foliaceous, apex acute, acuminate, or rounded; petiole convex to flat, or shallowly grooved adaxially, 3–17 mm, pilose, villous, or pubescent adaxially; largest medial blade (often amphistomatous), lorate, narrowly oblong, or narrowly to broadly elliptic, 26–102 × 8–30 mm, 2.5–3–5.2 times as long as wide, base convex, rounded, or subcordate, margins flat or slightly revolute, (thickened), entire or serrulate, apex acute or acuminate, abaxial surface not glaucous, glabrous, pilose, or moderately densely short-silky, hairs (white, sometimes also ferruginous), wavy, adaxial dull or slightly glossy, glabrous or moderately densely pilose; proximal blade margins entire, crenate, or serrulate; juvenile blade green, pilose to densely villous abaxially, hairs white, sometimes also ferruginous. Catkins flowering as or just before leaves emerge; staminate stout or subglobose, 7–37 × 5–12 mm, flowering branchlet 0.5–5.6 mm; pistillate densely or moderately densely flowered, stout, 12–62 × 7–17 mm, flowering branchlet 1–9 mm; floral bract brown, 0.7–2.1 mm, apex rounded or retuse, abaxially hairy throughout or proximally, hairs straight, wavy, or curly. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong, oblong, ovate, or flask-shaped, 0.6–1.5 mm; filaments distinct or connate ca. 1/2 their lengths, glabrous, hairy on proximal 1/2; anthers yellow or purple turning yellow, 0.5–0.8 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, ovate, or flask-shaped, 0.3–0.8 mm, shorter than stipe; stipe 0.5–2.5 mm; ovary pyriform, glabrous, beak gradually to abruptly tapering to or slightly bulged below styles; ovules 10–18 per ovary; styles 0.3–1.4 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded tip, or slenderly cylindrical, or 2 plump lobes, 0.2–0.26–0.48 mm. Capsules 2.5–6 mm. 2n = 76.


Phenology: Flowering early Apr-early Jul.
Habitat: Wet subalpine meadows, seepages, streams, lakeshores
Elevation: 1500-3200 m

Distribution

V7 115-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Sask., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Hybrids:

Salix boothii forms natural hybrids with S. brachycarpa var. brachycarpa, S. eastwoodiae, S. glauca var. villosa, and S. wolfii. There are numerous intermediate specimens of S. boothii that suggest hybridization with S. arizonica, S. brachycarpa, S. eastwoodiae, S. lutea, or S. wolfii, but further study is needed. A DNA study of S. arizonica showed that a specimen from southwestern Utah previously identified as S. arizonica × S. wolfii probably was S. boothii × S. wolfii (J. T. Thompson et al. 2003).

In Mountain Park, Alberta, and the Steens Mountains, Oregon, the putative hybrid Salix boothii × S. glauca var. villosa grew in thickets with both parents. Ovaries were sparsely hairy on the distal half or on the beak, leaves were glaucous abaxially, and floral bracts were mostly glabrous abaxially, but some with hairs proximally. One plant in fruit produced copious seed hairs but no seed.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"-0.48mm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Salix boothii"
21 +, 4 +, 1 +, 16 +  and 29 +
short-silky +, pilose +, glabrous +  and not glaucous +
flask--shaped +, ovate +  and oblong +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
glossy +  and dull +
purple turning yellow +  and yellow +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
Retuse (?) +, Rounded (?) +, Acuminate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
intermediate +
George W. Argus +
subcordate +, rounded +  and convex +
Salix tribe Hastatae +
tapering +
ferruginous +  and white +
serrulate +, crenate +  and entire +
pilose +  and densely villous +
toothed +  and 2-fid +
persistent +
redbrown +, yellowbrown +  and yellow-gray +
villous +, pilose +, glabrous +  and not glaucous +
flowered +  and pistillate +
villous +, pilose +  and glabrous +
subglobose +
slender +  and stout +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
intermediate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
pendulous +, spreading +  and erect +
Booth’s willow +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
1500-3200 m +
connate +  and distinct +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
Wet subalpine meadows, seepages, streams, lakeshores +
ferruginous +  and white +
straight +
curly +  and wavy +
unbranched +  and spicate +
subterminal +  and axillary +
membranaceous +
hemiamphistomatous +, amphistomatous +  and hypostomatous +
oblong +  and narrowly broadly elliptic oblanceolate obovate or broadly obovate +
arranged +  and alternate +
marcescent +
deciduous +
2.5-3-5.2 +
26mm;102mm +
narrowly oblong or +  and narrowly broadly elliptic +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
revolute +  and flat +
2-7[-10]-carpellate +
pyriform +
glandular-dotted +
pubescent +, villous +  and pilose +
convex;flat +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
Flowering early Apr-early Jul. +
Canad. J. Bot. +
overlapping +
distinct +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
decumbent;erect +
non-papillate +
cylindrical +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
caducous +  and persistent +
distinct +  and connate +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Salix novae-angliae var. aequalis +  and Salix pseudocordata var. aequalis +
Salix boothii +
Salix sect. Hastatae +
species +
rounded +
sympodial +, branching +  and heterophyllous +