Salix lasiandra

Bentham

Pl. Hartw., 335. 1857.

Endemic
Synonyms: Salix lucida subsp. lasiandra (Bentham) A. E. Murray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 47. Mentioned on page 25, 37, 39, 46, 107, 121.

Shrubs or trees, 1–9 (–11) m. Stems: branches flexible to highly brittle at base, yellowbrown, gray-brown, or redbrown, slightly to highly glossy, glabrous or pilose to glabrescent; branchlets yellowbrown, gray-brown, or redbrown, glabrous, pilose, villous, or velvety, hairs spreading, straight, wavy, or crinkled, (inner membranaceous bud-scale layer free and separating from outer layer). Leaves: stipules usually foliaceous, apex convex or rounded; petiole deeply grooved adaxially, (1–) 4–30 mm, with pairs or clusters of spherical or foliaceous glands distally, glabrous or pilose adaxially; largest medial blade hypostomatous, hemiamphistomatous, or amphistomatous, narrowly oblong, very narrowly to narrowly elliptic, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, or oblanceolate, 53–170 × 9–31 mm, 3.1–9.8 times as long as wide, base convex or rounded, margins flat, serrulate, apex caudate to acuminate, abaxial surface glaucous or not, glabrescent or pilose, hairs white, sometimes also ferruginous, straight, wavy, or curved, adaxial slightly or highly glossy, glabrous, pilose, or long-silky, hairs white and ferruginous; proximal blade margins entire and glandular-dotted or shallowly serrulate; juvenile blade reddish or yellowish green, moderately to very densely villous, long-silky, or glabrous abaxially, hairs white and ferruginous. Catkins (fruiting in summer, persistent); staminate 21–78 × 8–15 mm, flowering branchlet 3–27 mm; pistillate moderately to very densely flowered, slender, stout, or subglobose, 18.5–103 × 6–17 mm, flowering branchlet 6–56 mm; floral bract 1.7–4 mm, apex rounded, entire, toothed, or erose, abaxially hairy throughout or proximally, hairs wavy. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary (usually present), (0–) 0.4–0.8 mm, adaxial nectary square or ovate, 0.2–0.6 mm, nectaries distinct or connate and shallowly cupshaped; stamens 3–6; filaments distinct, hairy on proximal 1/2 or basally; anthers ellipsoid, shortly cylindrical, obovoid, or globose, 0.6–1 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary square or ovate, 0.2–0.6 mm, shorter than stipe; stipe 0.8–4 mm; ovary pyriform, beak slightly bulged below or gradually tapering to styles; ovules 16–30 per ovary; styles connate, 0.2–0.8 mm; stigmas broadly cylindrical or 2 plump lobes, 0.2–0.4 mm. Capsules 4–11 mm.

Distribution

V7 37-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., N.Mex., Nev., Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Varieties of Salix lasiandra at the south end of Kootenay Lake, British Columbia, are sympatric. In that area, they differ not only in the usual characteristics, leaf glaucescence and presence of stomata in adaxial epidermis, but plants of var. lasiandra are heavily infested with sawfly galls, whereas var. caudata are not, and leaves of var. lasiandra are stiffer than those of var. caudata.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Largest medial blades hypostomatous or hemiamphistomatous (rarely amphistomatous), surfaces usually glaucous abaxially (rarely not glaucous), bases convex to rounded; staminate flowers: nectaries distinct; petioles with clusters of spherical or foliaceous glands distally. Salix lasiandra var. lasiandra
1 Largest medial blades amphistomatous, surfaces not glaucous abaxially, bases convex; staminate flowers: nectaries usually distinct, sometimes connate and shallowly cup-shaped; petioles with pairs or clusters of spherical glands distally. Salix lasiandra var. caudata
... more about "Salix lasiandra"
pilose +, glabrescent +, not +  and glaucous +
ovate +  and square +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
long-silky;pilose;long-silky;pilose;glabrous +
reddish turning yellow +  and yellow +
globose +, obovoid +, cylindrical +  and ellipsoid +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Toothed (?) +, Rounded (?) +, Caudate (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
George W. Argus +
Bentham +
rounded +  and convex +
tapering +
yellowish green +  and reddish +
ferruginous +  and white +
serrulate +  and entire +
glandular-dotted +
glabrous +, long-silky +  and villous +
toothed +  and 2-fid +
persistent +  and deciduous +
redbrown +, gray-brown +  and yellowbrown +
flexible +  and highly brittle +
pilose +  and glabrescent +
flowered +  and pistillate +
velvety +, villous +, pilose +  and glabrous +
subglobose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (5.6 cm56 mm <br />0.056 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
pendulous +, spreading +  and erect +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.W.T. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, N.Mex. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
greenish +  and tawny +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
spherical +
white and ferruginous +, ferruginous +  and white +
curved +  and straight +
wavy +  and crinkled +
unbranched +  and spicate +
subterminal +  and axillary +
membranaceous +
amphistomatous +, hemiamphistomatous +  and hypostomatous +
5.3 cm53 mm <br />0.053 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
narrowly lanceolate +  and lanceolate or oblanceolate +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (3.1 cm31 mm <br />0.031 m <br />) +
arranged +  and alternate +
marcescent +
deciduous +
connate +  and distinct +
rudimentary +
2-7[-10]-carpellate +
pyriform +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
glandular-dotted +
pilose +  and glabrous +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Pl. Hartw., +
overlapping +
distinct +
branched +, sympodial +, monopodial +  and branching +
non-papillate +
cylindrical +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
caducous +  and persistent +
tapering +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
ferruginous +  and white +
Salix lucida subsp. lasiandra +
Salix lasiandra +
Salix sect. Salicaster +
species +
rounded +
sympodial +, branching +  and heterophyllous +
tree +  and shrub +