Salix monochroma

C. R. Ball

Bot. Gaz. 71: 431, fig. 1. 1921.

Common names: One-color willow
Endemic
Synonyms: Salix eriocephala var. monochroma (C. R. Ball) Dorn
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 124. Mentioned on page 102.

Shrubs, 2–4 m. Stems: branches yellowbrown, gray-brown, or redbrown, not glaucous, glabrous; branchlets yellowbrown or redbrown, (sometimes weakly glaucous, with sparkling wax crystals), glabrous or puberulent. Leaves: stipules foliaceous, (prominent), apex rounded or acute; petiole convex to flat, or shallowly grooved adaxially, 6–16 mm, velvety or pilose adaxially; largest medial blade narrowly oblong, elliptic, or broadly elliptic, 54–100 × 18–35 mm, 1.8–3.6 times as long as wide, base convex, rounded, subcordate, or cordate, margins flat, serrate or serrulate (teeth sometimes elongate), apex acuminate to acute, abaxial surface not glaucous, glabrous, adaxial dull, glabrous or pilose, midrib hairy; proximal blade margins entire or serrulate; juvenile blade reddish or yellowish green, glabrous or sparsely short or long-silky abaxially, hairs white. Catkins flowering as or just before leaves emerge; staminate stout or slender, 24–43 (–52 in fruit) × 6–11 mm, flowering branchlet 1–4 mm; pistillate moderately densely to loosely flowered, stout, 33–73 × 8–16 mm, flowering branchlet 2–12 mm; floral bract brown, 0.7–1.6 mm, apex rounded, convex, or acute, abaxially hairy throughout or proximally, hairs wavy or curly. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong, 0.6–1.1 mm; filaments distinct or slightly connate, glabrous; anthers purple turning yellow, (ellipsoid or shortly cylindrical), 0.5–0.7 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong, oblong, or flask-shaped, 0.3–1.1 mm, shorter than stipe; stipe 1.4–3.6 mm; ovary pyriform, glabrous, beak sometimes slightly bulged below styles; ovules 18–22 per ovary; styles 0.2–0.5 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded tip, or broadly cylindrical, 0.2–0.23–0.26 mm. Capsules 3.6–5.2 mm.


Phenology: Flowering early-mid May.
Habitat: Silty or stony stream margins
Elevation: 150-2200 m

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"-0.26mm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Salix monochroma"
21 +, 4 +, 1 +, 16 +  and 29 +
114 +, 95 +, 76 +, 57 +  and 38 +
glabrous +  and not glaucous +
flask--shaped +  and oblong +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
purple turning yellow +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +, Convex (?) +, Rounded (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
George W. Argus +
C. R. Ball +
cordate +, subcordate +, rounded +  and convex +
Salix sect. Vetrix +
tapering +
yellowish green +  and reddish +
ferruginous +  and white +
serrulate +  and entire +
long-silky +  and glabrous +
toothed +  and 2-fid +
persistent +
redbrown +, gray-brown +  and yellowbrown +
glabrous +  and not glaucous +
flowered +  and pistillate +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
slender +  and stout +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
intermediate +
0.36 cm3.6 mm <br />0.0036 m <br /> (0.52 cm5.2 mm <br />0.0052 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
pendulous +, spreading +  and erect +
staminate +
One-color willow +
Idaho +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
150-2200 m +
connate +  and distinct +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
Silty or stony stream margins +
curly +  and wavy +
unbranched +  and spicate +
subterminal +  and axillary +
membranaceous +
hemiamphistomatous +, amphistomatous +  and hypostomatous +
5.4 cm54 mm <br />0.054 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
arranged +  and alternate +
marcescent +
deciduous +
serrulate +  and serrate +
2-7[-10]-carpellate +
pyriform +
glandular-dotted +
pilose +  and velvety +
convex;flat +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
Flowering early-mid May. +
overlapping +
distinct +
decumbent;erect +
non-papillate +
cylindrical +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.36 cm3.6 mm <br />0.0036 m <br />) +
caducous +  and persistent +
distinct +  and connate +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Salix eriocephala var. monochroma +
Salix monochroma +
Salix sect. Cordatae +
species +
rounded +
sympodial +, branching +  and heterophyllous +