Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 152. 1838.
Plants 0.01–0.04 m, (dwarf, forming clonal mats by rhizomes). Stems trailing or erect; branches yellowbrown or redbrown, glabrous or pubescent; branchlets yellowbrown or redbrown, glabrous or pilose. Leaves: stipules absent or rudimentary; petiole 1.5–7 mm (sometimes glandular distally or throughout); largest medial blade hypostomatous, (veins impressed-reticulate, 2 pairs of secondary-veins arising at or close to base, arcing toward apex,), elliptic to broadly elliptic, 6–22 × 4–15 mm, 1.1–2.8 times as long as wide, base convex, rounded, subcordate, or cuneate, margins slightly revolute, entire (glandular-dotted), apex convex, rounded, or retuse, abaxial surface glabrous or with long-silky hairs, adaxial slightly glossy, glabrous; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade glabrous. Catkins: staminate 7–19 × 2.5–6 mm, flowering branchlet 0.5–17 mm; pistillate densely to loosely flowered (4–17 flowers), stout, subglobose or globose, 7–21 × 2–9 mm, flowering branchlet 1–10 mm; floral bract tawny or light rose, 0.8–1.8 mm, apex rounded, entire, abaxially glabrous. Staminate flowers: abaxial nectary 0.5–1.3 mm, adaxial nectary narrowly oblong, oblong, or square, 0.5–1.2 mm, nectaries connate and cupshaped; filaments distinct, glabrous or hairy basally; anthers ellipsoid or shortly cylindrical, 0.4–0.6 mm. Pistillate flowers: abaxial nectary (0–) 0.2–0.5 mm, adaxial nectary oblong, 0.2–1 mm, longer than stipe, nectaries distinct or connate and shallowly cupshaped; stipe 0–0.8 mm; ovary obturbinate, short-silky, hairs flattened, beak abruptly tapering to styles; ovules 8–10 per ovary; styles distinct to connate 1/2 their lengths, 0.2–0.4 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded tip, 0.2–0.26–0.36 mm. Capsules 3–4 mm. 2n = 38.
Phenology: Flowering late Jun-late Aug.
Habitat: Alpine tundra, cirques, lake basins, rocky slopes and ridges, fellfields
Elevation: 1900-4000 m
Alta., B.C., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
Because geographic overlap is small and evidence of intergradation is tenuous, Salix nivalis is best treated as a species separate from S. reticulata; S. nivalis was previously treated as a subspecies of S. reticulata (G. W. Argus 1986b, 1991).
"-0.36mm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.