Salix pulchra

Chamisso

Linnaea 6: 543. 1831.

Common names: Diamond-leaf willow
Illustrated
Synonyms: Salix divaricata subsp. pulchra (Chamisso) Voroschilov Salix phylicifolia subsp. pulchra (Chamisso) Hultén Salix phylicifolia var. subglauca (Andersson) B. Boivin Salix planifolia subsp. pulchra (Chamisso) Argus Salix planifolia var. yukonensis (C. K. Schneider) Argus Salix pulchra var. yukonensis C. K. Schneider
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 138. Mentioned on page 98, 131, 139.

Shrubs, 0.1–3 (–4.5) m. Stems: branches yellowbrown or redbrown, not or weakly glaucous, (slightly or highly glossy), villous in patches to glabrescent; branchlets yellow-green or brownish, glabrous, puberulent, or densely villous, (buds caprea or arctica-type). Leaves: stipules (usually marcescent), foliaceous, (linear or lanceolate, 2–9.8–23 mm), apex acuminate; petiole convex to flat adaxially, 2.8–10 (–15) mm, glabrous or puberulent adaxially; largest medial blade narrowly elliptic, elliptic, or obovate, 22–75 × 8–26 mm, 1.7–4.7 times as long as wide, base cuneate, margins flat to slightly revolute, entire, crenate, or serrulate, apex acuminate, acute, or convex, abaxial surface glaucous, glabrous or pubescent, midrib pilose, hairs (white, sometimes also ferruginous), straight, adaxial highly to slightly glossy, midrib glabrous or sparsely pubescent; proximal blade margins entire; juvenile blade green, glabrous or pubescent abaxially, hairs white, sometimes also ferruginous. Catkins flowering before leaves emerge; staminate stout or subglobose, 21–53 × 12–19 mm, flowering branchlet 0–3 mm; pistillate densely flowered, slender to stout, 27–82 × 8–20 mm, flowering branchlet 0–3 (–8) mm; floral bract brown or black, 1.6–2.8 mm, apex acute or rounded, abaxially hairy distally, hairs straight. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong to oblong, 0.6–1 mm; filaments distinct or connate less than 1/2 their lengths, glabrous; anthers purple turning yellow, ellipsoid to shortly cylindrical, 0.4–0.8 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong to oblong, 0.4–1.6 mm, longer than stipe; stipe 0.2–0.8 mm; ovary pyriform, long-silky, beak slightly bulged below styles; ovules 12–16 per ovary; styles 1–1.8 mm; stigmas slenderly cylindrical, 0.44–0.63–0.96 mm. Capsules 3.2–5.6 mm. 2n = 76.


Phenology: Flowering mid Apr-late Jul.
Habitat: Arctic boreal and subalpine thickets, stream and lake margins, tundra, black spruce-lichen woodlands, open white spruce-dwarf birch woodlands
Elevation: 0-2000 m

Distribution

V7 149-distribution-map.gif

B.C., N.W.T., Nunavut, Yukon, Alaska, Asia (Chukotka), Asia (Kamchatka), Asia (Lena-Kolyma), Asia (Okhotia), Asia (Russia [Anadyr]), Asia (Siberia)

Discussion

Plants with branchlets densely villous with white, gray, or, sometimes, ferruginous hairs have been named var. yukonensis. This hairy variant occurs scattered throughout populations in both North America and Russia and does not seem to warrant taxonomic recognition. The closely related Salix planifolia shows similar variation.

Hybrids:

Salix pulchra forms natural hybrids with S. planifolia and S. scouleriana.

Salix pulchra × S. scouleriana is known from Alaska. It resembles S. pulchra in its long, linear stipules, general leaf shape, and relatively long styles; and S. scouleriana in its juvenile leaves with abundant ferruginous hairs, petioles densely villous to velvety, and relatively short stigmas.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"-0.96mm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Salix pulchra"
21 +, 4 +, 1 +, 16 +  and 29 +
pubescent +, glabrous +  and glaucous +
narrowly oblong +  and oblong +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
purple turning yellow +
ellipsoid +  and shortly cylindrical +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +, Acute (?) +, Convex (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
George W. Argus +
Chamisso +
cuneate +
Salix tribe Phylicifoliae +
tapering +
ferruginous +  and white +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
toothed +  and 2-fid +
persistent +
redbrown +  and yellowbrown +
villous +  and glaucous +
flowered +  and pistillate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
villous +, puberulent +  and glabrous +
subglobose +
slender +  and stout +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
intermediate +
intermediate +
0.32 cm3.2 mm <br />0.0032 m <br /> (0.56 cm5.6 mm <br />0.0056 m <br />) +
pendulous +, spreading +  and erect +
Diamond-leaf willow +
B.C. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Asia (Chukotka) +, Asia (Kamchatka) +, Asia (Lena-Kolyma) +, Asia (Okhotia) +, Asia (Russia [Anadyr]) +  and Asia (Siberia) +
0-2000 m +
connate +  and distinct +
black +  and brown +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
Arctic boreal and subalpine thickets, stream and lake margins, tundra, black spruce-lichen woodlands, open white spruce-dwarf birch woodlands +
ferruginous +  and white +
straight +
flattened +
unbranched +  and spicate +
subterminal +  and axillary +
membranaceous +
hemiamphistomatous +, amphistomatous +  and hypostomatous +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
obovate +  and elliptic +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
arranged +  and alternate +
marcescent +
deciduous +
flat +  and slightly revolute entire crenate or serrulate +
pubescent +, glabrous +  and pilose +
2-7[-10]-carpellate +
pyriform +
glabrescent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
glandular-dotted +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
convex;flat +
0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering mid Apr-late Jul. +
overlapping +
distinct +
Illustrated +
decumbent;erect +
non-papillate +
cylindrical +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
caducous +  and persistent +
distinct +  and connate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Salix divaricata subsp. pulchra +, Salix phylicifolia subsp. pulchra +, Salix phylicifolia var. subglauca +, Salix planifolia subsp. pulchra +, Salix planifolia var. yukonensis +  and Salix pulchra var. yukonensis +
Salix pulchra +
Salix sect. Phylicifoliae +
species +
pointed +  and rounded +
sympodial +, branching +  and heterophyllous +