Salix tracyi

C. R. Ball

Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 17: 403, plates 69, 70. 1934.

Common names: Tracy’s willow
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 7. Treatment on page 156. Mentioned on page 95, 98, 102, 103, 157.

Shrubs, 1–6 m. Stems: branches gray-brown to redbrown, strongly to weakly glaucous, glabrous; branchlets yellowbrown to redbrown, (weakly glaucous), glabrous or sparsely to moderately densely velvety or tomentose. Leaves: stipules absent, rudimentary, or foliaceous on early ones, foliaceous on late ones, (2.5–9 mm), apex rounded or convex; petiole convex to flat, or shallowly grooved adaxially, 5–11 mm, tomentose or velvety adaxially; largest medial blade lorate, oblanceolate, or elliptic, 55–96 × 15–34 mm, 2–3.7 times as long as wide, base convex, margins slightly revolute, entire, sinuate or serrulate, apex acuminate to acute, abaxial surface glaucous, sparsely pubescent to moderately densely tomentose or glabrous, hairs (white, sometimes also ferruginous), straight or curved, adaxial slightly glossy, sparsely tomentose to glabrescent; proximal blade margins entire or serrulate; juvenile blade reddish, very densely tomentose or puberulent to glabrescent abaxially, hairs white, sometimes also ferruginous. Catkins flowering as or just before leaves emerge; staminate stout, 17–30 × 7–9 mm, flowering branchlet 1.5–5 mm; pistillate very densely flowered, stout to slender, 17–42 × 6–11 mm, flowering branchlet 1.5–3 mm; floral bract brown or bicolor, 0.8–1.6 mm, apex rounded to truncate, abaxially hairy throughout or proximally, hairs wavy or straight. Staminate flowers: adaxial nectary narrowly oblong, oblong, or ovate, 0.3–0.8 mm; filaments connate less to more than 1/2 their lengths; anthers purple turning yellow, ellipsoid, shortly cylindrical, or globose, 0.36–0.44 mm. Pistillate flowers: adaxial nectary oblong, or narrowly oblong to flask-shaped, 0.2–0.6 mm; stipe 1–1.7 (–2.4) mm; ovary pyriform, beak sometimes slightly bulged below styles; ovules 12 per ovary; styles 0.1–0.6 mm; stigmas flat, abaxially non-papillate with rounded or pointed tip, 0.1–0.3 mm. Capsules 2.4–3.6 mm.


Phenology: Flowering early Apr-early May.
Habitat: Shores and floodplains, sandy, gravelly, or rocky substrates, often serpentine
Elevation: 90-500 m

Discussion

Ball described Salix tracyi as part of a group of “more or less localized endemic willows of northern California and southern Oregon.” A. K. Skvortsov (1971), followed by G. W. Argus (1993), thought that this species was a stunted form, perhaps shade-growth, of S. lasiolepis. R. D. Dorn (2000) studied the taxon in the field and considered it to be a distinct species. He noted that it could “usually” be separated from S. lasiolepis by its shorter styles, longer stipes, less hairy floral bracts, shorter catkins, thinner, less hairy leaves, and reddish juvenile leaves. He also noted differences in flowering times but they overlap completely. The differences are subtle and, although not diagnostic, should be studied further. Salix tracyi is treated here as a species because of its relatively large, localized range and interesting biological and morphological characteristics. Local botanists making collections from tagged individuals could provide useful information on habitat, elevation, flowering time, and morphology. Experimental study of this and the other serpentine endemic Salix in the region (see also 110. S. breweri and 111. S. delnortensis) could provide insights into their evolution and their relationship with S. lasiolepis.

A numerical taxonomic study by T. J. Crovello (1968) found that Salix tracyi clustered with members of sect. Cordatae, but both G. W. Argus (1997) and R. D. Dorn (2000) placed it in sect. Mexicanae with S. lasiolepis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Salix tracyi"
21 +, 4 +, 1 +, 16 +  and 29 +
114 +, 95 +, 76 +, 57 +  and 38 +
sparsely pubescent +  and moderately densely tomentose or glabrous +
narrowly oblong +  and flask-shaped +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
sparsely tomentose;glabrescent +
purple turning yellow +
globose +, cylindrical +  and ellipsoid +
0.036 cm0.36 mm <br />3.6e-4 m <br /> (0.044 cm0.44 mm <br />4.4e-4 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +  and Truncate (?) +
George W. Argus +
C. R. Ball +
Salix sect. Vetrix +
tapering +
ferruginous +  and white +
serrulate +  and entire +
puberulent +  and glabrescent +
toothed +  and 2-fid +
persistent +
gray-brown +  and redbrown +
glabrous +  and glaucous +
flowered +  and pistillate +
glabrous or +  and sparsely moderately densely velvety or tomentose +
stout +  and slender +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
intermediate +
0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br /> (0.36 cm3.6 mm <br />0.0036 m <br />) +
pendulous +, spreading +  and erect +
Tracy’s willow +
Calif. +  and Oreg. +
90-500 m +
bicolor +  and brown +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
pistillate +  and staminate +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
Shores and floodplains, sandy, gravelly, or rocky substrates, often serpentine +
ferruginous +  and white +
straight +  and curved +
unbranched +  and spicate +
subterminal +  and axillary +
membranaceous +
hemiamphistomatous +, amphistomatous +  and hypostomatous +
5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br /> (9.6 cm96 mm <br />0.096 m <br />) +
elliptic +, oblanceolate +  and lorate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3.4 cm34 mm <br />0.034 m <br />) +
arranged +  and alternate +
marcescent +
deciduous +
serrulate +, sinuate +, entire +  and revolute +
rudimentary +
2-7[-10]-carpellate +
pyriform +
glandular-dotted +
velvety +  and tomentose +
convex;flat +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
Flowering early Apr-early May. +
Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. +
overlapping +
distinct +
decumbent;erect +
non-papillate +
cylindrical +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.24 cm2.4 mm <br />0.0024 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br />) +
caducous +  and persistent +
distinct +  and connate +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Salix tracyi +
Salix sect. Mexicanae +
species +
pointed +  and rounded +
sympodial +, branching +  and heterophyllous +