Sarcodes

Torrey

Proc. Amer. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 4: 193. 1851 ,.

Common names: Greek sarkos flesh and
Etymology: odes, resemblance, alluding to red, fleshlike appearance of inflorescence
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 390. Mentioned on page 373.

Herbs, achlorophyllous, heterotrophic. Stems absent. Leaves absent. Inflorescences racemes, erect at emergence from soil, axis fleshy and fibrous, persistent after seed dispersal, bright red to dark orange, 2–10 cm diam. proximal to proximalmost flower. Pedicels perpendicular to inflorescence axis, often more erect in fruit; bracteoles absent. Flowers radially symmetric, horizontal; sepals 5, distinct, lanceolate-ovate; petals 5, connate, red, without basal tubercles, (surfaces glabrous), corolla campanulate; intrastaminal nectary disc present; stamens 10, included; filaments broader proximally than distally, glabrous; anthers elongate, without awns, without tubules, dehiscent by 2 terminal, porelike slits; pistil 5-carpellate; ovary 5-locular; placentation axile; style straight, stout; stigma subcapitate, without subtending ring of hairs. Fruits capsular, horizontal to erect, indehiscent to irregularly breaking apart, no cobwebby tissue exposed by splitting valves at dehiscence. Seeds 100+, ovoid, not winged. x = 32.

Distribution

w United States, nw Mexico

Discussion

Species 1: w United States, nw Mexico.

Species 1

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

"broader" is not a number.

... more about "Sarcodes"
elongate +
Gary D. Wallace +
Torrey +
bright red;dark orange +
persistent +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
fibrous +  and fleshy +
acicular;plane +
coriaceous +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Greek sarkos +, flesh +  and and +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
w United States +  and nw Mexico +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
odes, resemblance, alluding to red, fleshlike appearance of inflorescence +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +
horizontal +  and erect +
multicellular +
whorled +, , +, opposite +, pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
revolute;plane;toothed;entire;revolute;plane;toothed;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
erect +  and perpendicular +
reduced +
not sticky +
Proc. Amer. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. +
distinct +
distinct +
lanceolate-ovate +
decumbent +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
Undefined subfam. Pyroloideae +, Undefined tribe Monotropaceae +  and Undefined tribe Pyrolaceae +
Sarcodes +
Ericaceae subfam. Monotropoideae +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +