Solidago rugosa var. aspera

(Aiton) Fernald

Rhodora 17: 7. 1915.

Endemic
Basionyms: Solidago aspera Aiton Hort. Kew. 3: 212. 1789
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 147. Mentioned on page 146.

Herbage moderately to densely hairy. Distal cauline leaf-blades lanceolate to elliptic, not much reduced distally. Heads in wide arrays, usually with elongate proximal branches greatly exceeding subtending leaves. Rays florets 5–10.2n = 18, 36.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Nov.
Habitat: Sandy, silty, and clay soils, fields, thickets, edges of woods, roadsides, ditches
Elevation: 0–1200+ m

Distribution

V20-314-distribution-map.gif

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Variety aspera is the common race of the species in the southeastern United States. It also occurs infrequently further north to Michigan and Massachusetts. It is most commonly tetraploid, with diploids also occurring through the range.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thick" is not a number.

not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
6.8 cm68 mm <br />0.068 m <br /> (10.4 cm104 mm <br />0.104 m <br />) +
subequal +
scarious +
20mm +  and 25mm +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
secund +, open +  and congested +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
cone--shaped +
John C. Semple +  and Rachel E. Cook +
(Aiton) Fernald +
not persisting +
decurrent +
Solidago aspera +
7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
hispido-strigose +
ovate;elliptic;lanceolate;acute;attenuate +
reduced +, reduced to much +  and largest +
12mm;22mm +
rugulose +  and muricate +
linear-lanceolate +  and ovate +
leafy-bracteate +
proximalmost +
elongate +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
yellow +  and white +
ampliate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
beaked +, 2-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
compressed +, narrowly obconic +  and cylindric +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
0–1200+ m +
resinous +
6.8 cm68 mm <br />0.068 m <br /> (10.4 cm104 mm <br />0.104 m <br />) +
hispido-strigose +
acute;attenuate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
Sandy, silty, and clay soils, fields, thickets, edges of woods, roadsides, ditches +
36 cm360 mm <br />0.36 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
indeterminate +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (36 cm360 mm <br />0.36 m <br />) +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (26 cm260 mm <br />0.26 m <br />) +
each +  and sessile +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
campanulate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
1mm;1.6mm +
0.4mm;0.7mm +
scented +  and not anise +
rugose-nerved +
usually blunt-toothed;subentire +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br />) +
erect;spreading +
triangular +  and narrowly lanceolate +
68mm;104mm +
hispido-strigose +
acute +  and attenuate +
20mm +  and 25mm +
scented +  and not anise +
linear-lanceolate +  and oblong or ovate +
unequal +  and rarely subequal +
6.8 cm68 mm <br />0.068 m <br /> (10.4 cm104 mm <br />0.104 m <br />) +
hispido-strigose +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2-carpellate +
persistent +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
hispido-strigillose +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
not persisting +
Flowering Aug–Nov. +
stipitate-glandular +
lanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate acute +
ovate-oblanceolate +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
strigillose +  and glabrous +
8 +  and 10 +
exalbuminous +
1 +  and 50 +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Aster rugosus +
Solidago rugosa var. aspera +
Solidago rugosa subsp. aspera +
variety +
not persisting +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +