Suaeda linearis

(Elliott) Moquin-Tandon

Chenop. Monogr. Enum., 130. 1840.

Common names: Southern sea-blite
Basionym: Salsola linearis Elliott Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 332. 1817
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 394. Mentioned on page 392, 395.

Herbs, perennial, annual in colder regions, erect or ascending, dark green or glaucous, 2–9 dm. Stems erect, green to reddish, often profusely branched from base, slightly woody at base; branches ascending or spreading, not decumbent, slender. Leaves ascending or spreading; blade narrowly linear, planoconvex to semiterete, 7–50 × 0.8–1.8 mm, apex acute. Glomes in usually dense, branched, compound spikes, 1–3-flowered; spike ascending, 1–12 cm, slender; bracts shorter than leaves, 2–7 (–12) × 2–4 mm. Flowers bisexual; perianth ± irregular or zygomorphic (segments slightly to strongly unequal), 1.2–2.5 mm diam.; perianth segments thin, at least one segment abaxially rounded and keeled and/or distally hooded, apex acute; stigmas 2 (–5). Seeds dimorphic; lenticular, 1–1.8 mm diam., with seed-coat black, finely reticulate, shiny; or flat, 1.5–2.6 mm, with seed-coat brown, dull. 2n = 54.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Salt marshes, sandy beaches, other coastal wetlands
Elevation: 1-10 m

Distribution

V4 780-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Miss., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tex., Va., Mexico, West Indies (Bahamas)

Discussion

Suaeda linearis is strictly annual (probably related to freezing conditions of winter) and usually green in the northern part of its range; it is usually perennial and glaucous in the southern part.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wider than long" is not a number.

... more about "Suaeda linearis"
Wayne R. Ferren Jr. +  and H. Jochen Schenk +
(Elliott) Moquin-Tandon +
slippery +
aromatic +
narrowed +
Salsola linearis +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
planoconvex +  and semiterete +
0.8mm;1.8mm +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
persistent +  and deciduous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (?) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
ovate +  and lanceolate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
spreading +  and ascending +
slender +
Southern sea-blite +
Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Mexico +  and West Indies (Bahamas) +
1-10 m +
staminate +  and pistillate +
1 +  and 12 +
1-3-flowered +
Salt marshes, sandy beaches, other coastal wetlands +
opposite +  and alternate +
not winged +  and winged +
laciniate +  and entire +
inferior +, half-inferior +  and superior +
pyriform +, ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
papillate +  and smooth +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
zygomorphic +  and irregular +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
rounded +  and flat +
nonadherent +  and adherent +
membranous +  and ceraceous +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
Chenop. Monogr. Enum., +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
brown +  and black +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
dull +  and shiny +
papillate +  and reticulate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (?) +
lenticular +
compound +  and branched +
cylindric +
slender +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
opposite +  and alternate +
green +  and reddish +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Suaeda sect. Heterosperma +
Suaeda linearis +
Suaeda sect. Brezia +
species +
annual +  and perennial +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +