Suaeda maritima

(Linnaeus) Dumortier

Fl. Belg., 22. 1827.

Common names: White sea-blite
Basionym: Chenopodium maritimum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 221. 1753
Synonyms: Suaeda fernaldii (Standley) Standley Suaeda maritima subsp. richii (Fernald) Bassett & Crom pton Suaeda richii
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Mentioned on page 393.

Herbs, annual, prostrate to ascending, occasionally erect, sometimes forming mats, glaucous or green, 0.5–10 dm. Stems prostrate, decumbent, or erect, usually light-brown, simple or branched, sometimes slightly woody at base; main branches arising from proximal part of plant. Leaves ascending or spreading; blade linear, usually subterete, sometimes flat, 10–50 × 0.8–1.7 mm, apex blunt to acute. Glomes on main-stem and lateral branches, not crowded into compound, distal spikes, 1–4-flowered; proximal bracts resembling leaves, distal bracts gradually reduced, 3–12 mm, slightly wider at the base. Flowers bisexual; perianth actinomorphic to slightly irregular with segments subequal, 2–3.3 mm diam.; perianth segments thin to abaxially rounded and occasionally distally hooded at maturity, without appendages, apex obtuse; stigmas 2–3 (–5). Seeds monomorphic, lenticular, 1–2.2 mm diam.; seed-coat reddish-brown or black, reticulate. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Coastal salt marshes, ballast
Elevation: 0-10 m

Distribution

V4 776-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Pa., R.I., Va., Europe, Asia (Arabia), Africa, Pacific Islands (Japan), Pacific Islands (New Zealand)

Discussion

Suaeda maritima is a polymorphic taxon with a worldwide distribution, including native and naturalized populations. Many varieties and subspecies have been described, mostly distinguished by seed size and growth habit (J. Boucaud 1962; I. J. Bassett and C. Crompton 1978). Small, procumbent, mat-forming plants from Newfoundland and Nova Scotia with seeds 1–1.5 mm in diameter have been called subsp. richii, whereas subsp. maritima has seeds 1.5–2 mm in diameter (I. J. Bassett and C. W. Crompton 1978). Seed dimorphism has been reported from populations in Europe (D. Metzing 1996) and may also exist in some North American populations.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wider" is not a number."wider than long" is not a number.

... more about "Suaeda maritima"
Obtuse (?) +, Blunt (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Wayne R. Ferren Jr. +  and H. Jochen Schenk +
(Linnaeus) Dumortier +
slippery +
aromatic +
narrowed +
Chenopodium maritimum +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
subterete +
0.8mm;1.7mm +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
ovate +  and lanceolate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
White sea-blite +
Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Maine +, Mass. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Va. +, Europe +, Asia (Arabia) +, Africa +, Pacific Islands (Japan) +  and Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +
0-10 m +
staminate +  and pistillate +
1 +  and 12 +
1-4-flowered +
not crowded +
Coastal salt marshes, ballast +
opposite +  and alternate +
not winged +  and winged +
laciniate +  and entire +
inferior +, half-inferior +  and superior +
pyriform +, ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
papillate +  and smooth +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
actinomorphic +  and slightly irregular +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br />) +
nonadherent +  and adherent +
membranous +  and ceraceous +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
black +  and reddish-brown +
dull +  and shiny +
papillate +  and reticulate +
monomorphic +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (?) +
lenticular +
subequal +
cylindric +
branched +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
light-brown +
erect +  and decumbent +
2 +  and 3 +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Suaeda fernaldii +, Suaeda maritima subsp. richii +  and Suaeda richii +
Suaeda maritima +
Suaeda sect. Brezia +
species +
erect;prostrate;ascending +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +