Vaccinium corymbosum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 350. 1753,.

Common names: High-bush blueberry bleuet en corymbe
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Cyanococcus amoenus (Aiton) Small Cyanococcus atrococcus (A. Gray) Small Cyanococcus corymbosus (Linnaeus) Rydberg Cyanococcus cuthbertii Small Cyanococcus elliottii (Chapman) Small Cyanococcus fuscatus (Aiton) Small Cyanococcus holophyllus Small Cyanococcus margarettae (Ashe) Small Cyanococcus simulatus (Small) Small Cyanococcus virgatus (Aiton) Small Vaccinium amoenum Aiton Vaccinium atrococcum (A. Gray) A. Heller Vaccinium australe Small Vaccinium constablaei A. Gray Vaccinium corymbosum var. albiflorum (Hooker) Fernald Vaccinium corymbosum var. glabrum A. Gray Vaccinium elliottii Aiton Vaccinium formosum Small Vaccinium fuscatum Aiton Vaccinium simulatum Vaccinium virgatum
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 526. Mentioned on page 371, 516.

Plants erect, not colonial, sometimes suckering, 10–50 dm; twigs green, angular to terete, usually hairy in lines. Leaves usually deciduous; blade dark green, ovate to narrowly elliptic, 15–70 × 10–25 mm, subcoriaceous, margins sharply serrate or entire, surfaces glabrous or hairy abaxially. Flowers: calyx green, glabrous; corolla white to pink, ± cylindric, 5–12 mm; filaments usually ciliate. Berries dull black to blue, glaucous, 4–12 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds 10–20 (–25), ca. 1.2 mm. 2n = 24, 48, 72.


Phenology: Flowering spring(-early summer).
Habitat: Open swamps, bogs, sandy margins of lakes, ponds, and streams, flatwoods, gray-birch scrub, pine barrens, mires, bay heads, upland ericaceous meadows, upland woods, ravines, mountain summits
Elevation: 0-1600 m

Distribution

V8 1024-distribution-map.gif

B.C., N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., in Europe (Britain), in Europe (The Netherlands), e Asia (Japan), Pacific Islands (New Zealand)

Discussion

Every morphological variant of the high-bush blueberry has been named formally at one time or another. At least 25 such taxa have been raised to specific rank; none is distinct throughout its putative range nor has the properties normally associated with biological species, including Vaccinium atrococcum and V. elliottii. See S. P. Vander Kloet (1980) for a complete list of synonyms. Feral populations readily become established wherever cultivars have been planted, e.g., Britain, British Columbia, Japan, Missouri, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Washington, and Wisconsin.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Vaccinium corymbosum"
72 +, 48 +  and 24 +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Linnaeus +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
black +  and blue +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and glaucous +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
ovate;narrowly elliptic +
subcoriaceous +
10mm;25mm +
High-bush blueberry +  and bleuet en corymbe +
white +  and pink +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
B.C. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, in Europe (Britain) +, in Europe (The Netherlands) +, e Asia (Japan) +  and Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +
0-1600 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
hairy +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Open swamps, bogs, sandy margins of lakes, ponds, and streams, flatwoods, gray-birch scrub, pine barrens, mires, bay heads, upland ericaceous meadows, upland woods, ravines, mountain summits +
terminal +  and axillary +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
entire +  and serrate +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering spring(-early summer). +
4-5-carpellate +
2-10-flowered +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Cyanococcus amoenus +, Cyanococcus atrococcus +, Cyanococcus corymbosus +, Cyanococcus cuthbertii +, Cyanococcus elliottii +, Cyanococcus fuscatus +, Cyanococcus holophyllus +, Cyanococcus margarettae +, Cyanococcus simulatus +, Cyanococcus virgatus +, Vaccinium amoenum +, Vaccinium atrococcum +, Vaccinium australe +, Vaccinium constablaei +, Vaccinium corymbosum var. albiflorum +, Vaccinium corymbosum var. glabrum +, Vaccinium elliottii +, Vaccinium formosum +, Vaccinium fuscatum +, Vaccinium simulatum +  and Vaccinium virgatum +
Vaccinium corymbosum +
Vaccinium sect. Cyanococcus +
species +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
angular +  and terete +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
plant +, suckering +  and not colonial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +