Vaccinium stamineum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 350. 1753 ,.

Common names: Deerberry southern gooseberry
Illustrated
Synonyms: Polycodium ashei Harbison Polycodium candicans (C. Mohr) Small Polycodium depressum Small Polycodium floridanum (Nuttall) Greene Polycodium leptosepalum Small Polycodium macilentum Small Polycodium melanocarpum (C. Mohr) Small Polycodium neglectum Small Polycodium stamineum (Linnaeus) Greene Vaccinium caesium Greene Vaccinium melanocarpum (C. Mohr) C. Mohr ex Kearney Vaccinium neglectum (Small) Fernald Vaccinium stamineum var. affine (Ashe) Sleumer Vaccinium stamineum var. austromontanum (Ashe) Sleumer Vaccinium stamineum var. interius (Ashe) E. J. Palmer & Steyermark Vaccinium stamineum var. melanocarpum C. Mohr Vaccinium stamineum var. neglectum (Small) Deam Vaccinium stamineum var. virginianum (Ashe) Sleumer
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 521. Mentioned on page 516.

Plants frequently crown-forming, suckering when disturbed, forming small or extensive colonies; twigs of current season variously colored, most often green or glaucous, glabrous to densely hairy, sometimes pilose or glandular (not verrucose). Leaf-blades usually pale green or glaucous abaxially, green adaxially, elliptic, 20–80 × 9–32 mm, ± membranous, margins usually entire, inrolled on more-coriaceous blades, surfaces glabrous or densely hairy, rarely glandular. Inflorescences 2–7-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary. Pedicels subtended by leaflike bract (ca. as long as flower). Flowers: corolla lobes spreading at anthesis, white to greenish white, sometimes purple veined, 4–8 mm; filaments glabrous or hairy. Berries green, yellow-green, yellow, purple, or black, often lightly glaucous, 7–18 mm diam., sometimes hairy and sparsely glandular. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering spring(-early summer).
Habitat: Sandy, well-drained soil, xeric communities such as dry oak woods, pine barrens, savannas, dry pine ridges, sparsely wooded bluffs, sand hills, thickets, clearings (usually on acidic substrates, sometimes on limestone)
Elevation: 0-1700 m

Distribution

V8 1014-distribution-map.gif

Ont., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., Mexico (Hidalgo), Mexico (Nuevo León), Mexico (Oaxaca), Mexico (San Luis Potosí)

Discussion

Vaccinium stamineum has been subject to an inordinate amount of splitting, especially by E. L. Greene and W. W. Ashe (see S. P. Vander Kloet 1988).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Vaccinium stamineum"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Linnaeus +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
Polycodium +
black +, purple +, yellow +, yellow-green +  and green +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glaucous +
ovate;oblong-lanceolate or spatulate +
more-coriaceous +
extensive +  and small +
Deerberry +  and southern gooseberry +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Mexico (Hidalgo) +, Mexico (Nuevo León) +, Mexico (Oaxaca) +  and Mexico (San Luis Potosí) +
0-1700 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
hairy +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Sandy, well-drained soil, xeric communities such as dry oak woods, pine barrens, savannas, dry pine ridges, sparsely wooded bluffs, sand hills, thickets, clearings (usually on acidic substrates, sometimes on limestone) +
green +  and pale green +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering spring(-early summer). +
4-5-carpellate +
2-10-flowered +
green +  and colored +
glandular +, pilose +, glabrous +  and densely hairy +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
Illustrated +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Polycodium ashei +, Polycodium candicans +, Polycodium depressum +, Polycodium floridanum +, Polycodium leptosepalum +, Polycodium macilentum +, Polycodium melanocarpum +, Polycodium neglectum +, Polycodium stamineum +, Vaccinium caesium +, Vaccinium melanocarpum +, Vaccinium neglectum +, Vaccinium stamineum var. affine +, Vaccinium stamineum var. austromontanum +, Vaccinium stamineum var. interius +, Vaccinium stamineum var. melanocarpum +, Vaccinium stamineum var. neglectum +  and Vaccinium stamineum var. virginianum +
Vaccinium stamineum +
Vaccinium sect. Polycodium +
species +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
plant +  and suckering +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +