Vaccinium uliginosum

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 350. 1753 ,.

Common names: Bog bilberry airelle des marécages
Synonyms: Vaccinium gaultherioides Bigelow Vaccinium occidentale A. Gray Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. alpinum (Bigelow) Hultén Vaccinium uliginosum var. alpinum Bigelow Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. gaultherioides (Bigelow) S. B. Young Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. microphyllum Lange Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. occidentale (A. Gray) Hultén Vaccinium uliginosum var. occidentale (A. Gray) H. Hara Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. pedris (Harshberger) S. B. Young Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. pubescens (Wormskjold ex Horneman) S. B. Young Vaccinium uliginosum var. salicinum (Chamisso) Hultén
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 518. Mentioned on page 516.

Plants forming dense mats or open, extensive colonies; twigs of current season pale green, terete, glabrous or faintly puberulent, not verrucose. Leaf-blades usually glaucous abaxially, green to glaucous adaxially, orbiculate, ovate, or obovate to narrowly elliptic, 8–14 × 3–7 mm, membranous, margins entire, surfaces often faintly puberulent, sometimes hairy throughout. Flowers: sepals usually distinct; corolla white to pink, 3–4 (–5) mm, lobes 0.3–0.4 mm; filaments glabrous. Berries blue, 6–8 mm diam., glaucous. 2n = 24, 48, 72.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Jul.
Habitat: Wet or dry acidic sites in boreal taiga, tundras, and alpine thickets and krummholz
Elevation: 0-2200 m

Distribution

V8 1009-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Maine, Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.Y., Oreg., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wyo., n Eurasia

Discussion

Vaccinium uliginosum is transcontinental in North America between 60° and 70° north latitude; farther north it is rare, especially in the Queen Elizabeth Islands. To the southwest, it is found as far as northern California and northwestern Utah. The summits of the White Mountains of New Hampshire form its southernmost limit in eastern North America. This wide-ranging plant shows considerable variation, notably in floral morphology. Subspecies have been recognized (cf. S. B. Young 1970); a review of morphological variation by H. J. Warr (1981) did not support the distinctiveness of infraspecific taxa.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Vaccinium uliginosum"
72 +, 48 +  and 24 +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Linnaeus +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong-lanceolate or spatulate +
membranous;coriaceous +
Bog bilberry +  and airelle des marécages +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
white +  and pink +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Greenland +, St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wyo. +  and n Eurasia +
0-2200 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Wet or dry acidic sites in boreal taiga, tundras, and alpine thickets and krummholz +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
0.3mm +  and 0.4mm +
extensive +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
3/4 +, 4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering Jun–Jul. +
4-5-carpellate +
puberulent +  and glabrous +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
distinct +
4 +  and 5 +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
hairy +  and puberulent +
Vaccinium gaultherioides +, Vaccinium occidentale +, Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. alpinum +, Vaccinium uliginosum var. alpinum +, Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. gaultherioides +, Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. microphyllum +, Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. occidentale +, Vaccinium uliginosum var. occidentale +, Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. pedris +, Vaccinium uliginosum subsp. pubescens +  and Vaccinium uliginosum var. salicinum +
Vaccinium uliginosum +
Vaccinium sect. Vaccinium +
species +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +