Vaccinium vitis-idaea

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 351. 1753,.

Common names: Lingonberry partridgeberry foxberry airelle vigne-d’Ida
Illustrated
Synonyms: Vaccinium vitis-idaea subsp. minus (Loddiges, G. Loddiges & W. Loddiges) Hultén Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus Loddiges, G. Loddiges & W. Loddiges
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 520. Mentioned on page 372, 516.

Plants densely colonial, frequently mat-forming; twigs of previous year green, terete, puberulent, not verrucose. Leaf-blades pale and glandular abaxially, bright green adaxially, elliptic to obovate, 5–18 × 3–9 mm, glaucous-coriaceous, margins entire, slightly revolute. Pedicels 4–6 mm. Flowers: corolla pinkish white, 3–5 mm; filaments puberulent. Berries red, 8–10 mm diam. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–early summer.
Habitat: Boreal taiga in jack-pine stands, muskegs, raised bogs, dry, rocky barrens, lichen woodlands, exposed habitats, heaths, high moors, headlands, tundras, cliffs, mountain summits
Elevation: 0-1800 m

Distribution

V8 1013-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Conn., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., Vt., Wis., n Eurasia, circumboreal

Discussion

The distribution of Vaccinium vitis-idaea in North America extends from northwestern Greenland at 77° north latitude, south to Connecticut at 42° north latitude, and from 45° west longitude (southern tip of Greenland) west to 170° west longitude (Aleutian Islands); it is rare in Connecticut (not collected since the late 1800s), Massachusetts, Vermont, and Wisconsin. This species has been erroneously reported from New York; it hybridizes with V. myrtillus in northern Europe, producing V. ×intermedium Ruthe. The hybrid might be anticipated in North America, but the two species are not known to occur together anywhere in the flora area.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/4" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Vaccinium vitis-idaea"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Sam P. Vander Kloet +
Linnaeus +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong-lanceolate or spatulate +
membranous;coriaceous +
Lingonberry +, partridgeberry +, foxberry +  and airelle vigne-d’Ida +
pinkish white +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Greenland +, St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Conn. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, Vt. +, Wis. +, n Eurasia +  and circumboreal +
0-1800 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Boreal taiga in jack-pine stands, muskegs, raised bogs, dry, rocky barrens, lichen woodlands, exposed habitats, heaths, high moors, headlands, tundras, cliffs, mountain summits +
terminal +  and axillary +
bright green +  and pale +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
glaucous-coriaceous +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
usually much shorter +
shorter to longer +
10-locular +, pseudo +  and 4-5-locular +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
Flowering late spring–early summer. +
4-5-carpellate +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
Illustrated +
procumbent +  and creeping +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
brochidodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Vaccinium vitis-idaea subsp. minus +  and Vaccinium vitis-idaea var. minus +
Vaccinium vitis-idaea +
Vaccinium sect. Vitis-idaea +
species +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
plant +, mat-forming +  and colonial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +