Waldsteinia fragarioides

(Michaux) Trattinnick

Rosac. Monogr. 3: 107. 1823.

Common names: Common barren-strawberry faux-fraisier
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Dalibarda fragarioides Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 300, plate 28. 1803 (as fragaroides)
Synonyms: Geum donianum (Trattinnick) Weakley & Gandhi G. fragarioides (Michaux) Smedmark Waldsteinia doniana Trattinnick W. fragarioides subsp. doniana (Trattinnick) Teppner
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 71. Mentioned on page 72.

Herbs, 10–20 cm. Leaves mostly ternately compound, rarely merely deeply lobed; leaflets broadly cuneate-obovate, 3–5 cm, lateral ones ± asymmetric, margins commonly shallowly and irregularly lobed, surfaces sparsely strigose, principal veins often densely strigose. Inflorescences 3–8-flowered. Flowers 14–20 mm diam.; hypanthium obcampanulate, 2–4 mm, externally strigose or glabrous; petals obovate to broadly elliptic, 3.5–10 mm, much longer than sepals, apex obtuse or rounded; carpels 3–5.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–May.
Habitat: Moist or dry hardwood forests or mixed conifer-hardwood forests
Elevation: 0–600 m

Distribution

V9 105-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Ont., Que., Conn., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Waldsteinia doniana is usually synonymized with W. parviflora; according to M. L. Fernald (1935) it is based on an aberrant cultivated form of W. fragarioides. Waldsteinia fragarioides and W. parviflora are often combined, then often distinguished as varieties. The flower size of W. fragarioides is very variable, and it seems that larger flowers are more usual in the north of the range. The best differentiator from W. parviflora is sepal length relative to petal length, and all specimens with adequate material seen by the author were distinguishable. Waldsteinia fragarioides is used as a mat-forming groundcover in ornamental horticulture.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Waldsteinia fragarioides"
James B. Phipps +
(Michaux) Trattinnick +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
Dalibarda fragarioides +
3-5(-7)-lobed +, cordate +  and rounded +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
short-villous +
Common barren-strawberry +  and faux-fraisier +
N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–600 m +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
short-villous +
crescent--shaped +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Moist or dry hardwood forests or mixed conifer-hardwood forests +
glabrous +  and strigose +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
opposite +  and alternate +
deciduous +
cuneate-obovate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
elongating +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–May. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Rosac. Monogr. +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
reflexed +  and spreading +
triangular +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
1 +  and 20 +
palmate +  and pinnate +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
hairy +  and glabrous +
not hooked +
Geum donianum +, G. fragarioides +, Waldsteinia doniana +  and W. fragarioides subsp. doniana +
Waldsteinia fragarioides +
Waldsteinia +
species +
not evident +
enlarged +
rhizomatous +  and scapose +