Zea mays subsp. mexicana
Culms (0.5) 1-3 m tall, (0.5) 1-2 (3) cm thick, unbranched when growing in corn fields to branched and with staminate inflorescences terminating the many branches when growing in the open. Blades 30-85 cm long, 3-8 cm wide. Pistillate inflorescences 5-8 (10) cm long, 0.6-0.8 cm thick, distichous, with 2 rows of spikelets embedded in the rachis; rachises disarticulating at maturity; fruitcases (6) 9-12 (15), 6-10 mm long, 4-6 mm wide, triangular in side view, with pointed apices. Caryopses concealed in the fruitcases. Staminate panicles with 1-35+ ascending to divergent, somewhat stiff, disarticulating branches; central axes of staminate panicles as slender as the lateral branches. Staminate spikelets (6.6) 7.5-10.5 mm. 2n = 20.
Zea mays subsp. mexicana is a weedy taxon, native to upland Mexico. It is most abundant in the Meseta Central of the Mexican neo-volcanic plateau, at elevations of 1700-2500 m. It grows almost entirely in and around cornfields, and readily hybridizes with subsp. mays. The long-day tolerant 'Northern Teosinte' is the result of a series of backcrosses between such hybrids and the northernmost population of subsp. mexicana, 'Nobogame Teosinte'.
"decumbent" is not a number."elongated" is not a number."thin" is not a number.