Abutilon abutiloides

(Jacquin) Garcke ex Hochreutiner

Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 22. 1902. 1902

Basionyms: Sida abutiloides Jacquin Observ. Bot. 1: 17, plate 7. 1764
Synonyms: Abutilon lignosum (Cavanilles) G. Don
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 222.

Subshrubs, to 1.5 m. Stems erect, roughly stellate-pubescent, without glandular-hairs. Leaves: stipules subulate, 6–8 mm; petiole usually shorter than blade; blade slightly discolorous, ovate, 2–10 cm, longer than wide, base truncate to cordate, margins obscurely to prominently crenate-serrate, apex usually acuminate, surfaces roughly pubescent. Inflorescences solitary flowers or racemose-panicles. Flowers: calyx 9–12 mm, basally truncate, lobes basally overlapping, erect in fruit, acuminate, to 8 mm wide; corolla rotate, orange-yellow throughout, petals 10–12 mm; staminal column pubescent; style 8–10-branched. Schizocarps ± ovoid, 9–14 × 10–16 mm; mericarps: apex acuminate, surface uniformly stellate-pubescent and with simple hairs on abaxial margins. Seeds 3 per mericarp, 3 mm, reticulately scabridulous. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Open, arid habitats
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

Ariz., Tex., Mexico, West Indies (Bahamas), West Indies (Cuba), West Indies (Hispaniola), West Indies (Jamaica)

Discussion

Abutilon abutiloides has been confused with A. californicum Bentham and A. berlandieri; the three species are distinct (P. A. Fryxell 1988). It is found in extreme southern Texas and more commonly in west-central and southeastern Arizona.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Abutilon abutiloides"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
(Jacquin) Garcke ex Hochreutiner +
truncate +  and cordate +
Sida abutiloides +
discolorous +
longer than wide +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
not inflated +
not accrescent +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
orange-yellow +
Ariz. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Bahamas) +, West Indies (Cuba) +, West Indies (Hispaniola) +  and West Indies (Jamaica) +
0–1000 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not setose +  and hairy +
cylindric +, cask--shaped +, oblate +, ovoid +, globose +  and not inflated +
Open, arid habitats +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
acuminate +
0mm;8mm +
wedge--shaped +
3-40-carpellate +
adnate +  and distinct +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering year-round. +
Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
puberulent +
scabridulous +
turbinate +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
exserted +  and included +
filiform +, linear +  and capitate +
1-2 times number of carpels +
8-10-branched +
stellate-pubescent +  and pubescent +
Abutilon lignosum +
Abutilon abutiloides +
Abutilon +
species +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (150 cm1,500 mm <br />1.5 m <br />) +