Abutilon fruticosum

Guillemin & Perrottet in J. B. A. Guillemin et al.

in J. B. A. Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 70. 1831. 1831

Common names: Pelotazo
Synonyms: Abutilon texense Torrey & A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 223. Mentioned on page 222.

Subshrubs, 1–1.5 m. Stems erect, stellate-tomentulose, without simple hairs. Leaves: stipules subulate, 2 mm; petiole shorter than blade; blade ± concolorous, ovate, 2–10 cm (often smaller), somewhat longer than wide, base cordate, margins irregularly serrate, apex acute, surfaces minutely stellate-pubescent. Inflorescences solitary flowers or terminal panicles. Flowers: calyx 3–5 mm, lobes not overlapping, reflexed in fruit, lanceolate-ovate, to 8 mm wide; corolla yellow throughout, petals 5–10 mm; staminal column glabrous; style 6–9-branched. Schizocarps cask-shaped, 8–9 × 8–9 mm; mericarps: apex acute or apiculate, surface tomentulose. Seeds 3 per mericarp, 2 mm, puberulent but appearing glabrous. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Open, arid habitats
Elevation: 0–2000 m

Distribution

Ark., N.Mex., Okla., Tex., Mexico (Chihuahua), Mexico (Coahuila), Mexico (Nuevo León), Mexico (San Luis Potosí), Mexico (Tamaulipas), Mexico (Zacatecas), se Europe, n Africa

Discussion

Abutilon fruticosum is thought to be native to the New World; it also occurs disjunctly in northern Africa and the Levant countries. It is widespread in southwestern Texas, scarce in Oklahoma and Arkansas, and is known from Chaves and Lincoln counties, New Mexico.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Abutilon fruticosum"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
Guillemin & Perrottet in J. B. A. Guillemin et al. +
cordate +
concolorous +
somewhat longer than wide +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
not inflated +
not accrescent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Pelotazo +
Ark. +, N.Mex. +, Okla. +, Tex. +, Mexico (Chihuahua) +, Mexico (Coahuila) +, Mexico (Nuevo León) +, Mexico (San Luis Potosí) +, Mexico (Tamaulipas) +, Mexico (Zacatecas) +, se Europe +  and n Africa +
0–2000 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not setose +  and hairy +
cylindric +, cask--shaped +, oblate +, ovoid +, globose +  and not inflated +
Open, arid habitats +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
lanceolate-ovate +
0mm;8mm +
wedge--shaped +
3-40-carpellate +
adnate +  and distinct +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering year-round. +
in J. B. A. Guillemin et al., Fl. Seneg. Tent. +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
cask--shaped +
glabrous +  and puberulent +
scabridulous +
turbinate +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
exserted +  and included +
filiform +, linear +  and capitate +
1-2 times number of carpels +
6-9-branched +
tomentulose +  and stellate-pubescent +
Abutilon texense +
Abutilon fruticosum +
Abutilon +
species +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (150 cm1,500 mm <br />1.5 m <br />) +