Abutilon theophrasti

Medikus

Malvenfam., 28. 1787. 1787

Common names: Butterprint China jute chingma Indian hemp pie-marker velvetleaf
IntroducedWeedy
Basionyms: Sida abutilon Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 685. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 226. Mentioned on page 222, 227.

Herbs, annual, to 1+ m. Stems erect, stellate-tomentose, without simple hairs. Leaves: stipules lanceolate; petiole subequal to blade; blade concolorous, broadly ovate to suborbiculate, 8–15 cm, ± as long as wide, base cordate, margins crenulate, apex acuminate, surfaces softly pubescent. Inflorescences usually solitary flowers, sometimes cymose or racemose. Flowers: calyx 10 mm, lobes not overlapping, erect in fruit, ovate; corolla pale-yellow throughout, petals 8–13 mm; staminal column glabrous; style 13–15-branched. Schizocarps broadly ovoid, 15 × 20 mm; mericarps: apex spinose, spines divergent, 3–6 mm, hirsute. Seeds 3 per mericarp, 3–4 mm, minutely puberulent. 2n = 84.


Phenology: Flowering summer–fall.
Habitat: Soybean, corn, and cotton fields, naturalized in disturbed sites
Elevation: 0–1400 m

Distribution

Introduced; Ont., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Europe, Asia

Discussion

The history of the introduction of Abutilon theophrasti to North America was recounted by N. R. Spencer (1984). It can be abundant locally, thriving when rich cultivated soils are disturbed, especially in the midwestern region. Interference with crops has been extensive.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wide" is not a number.

... more about "Abutilon theophrasti"
Paul A. Fryxell† +  and Steven R. Hill +
Medikus +
Sida abutilon +
concolorous +
acuminate +, crenulate +, cordate +, broadly ovate +  and suborbiculate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
not inflated +
not accrescent +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Butterprint +, China jute +, chingma +, Indian hemp +, pie-marker +  and velvetleaf +
Ont. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Europe +  and Asia +
0–1400 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not setose +  and hairy +
cylindric +, cask--shaped +, oblate +, ovoid +, globose +  and not inflated +
Soybean, corn, and cotton fields, naturalized in disturbed sites +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
entire +  and serrate +
wedge--shaped +
3-40-carpellate +
adnate +  and distinct +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
subequal +
Flowering summer–fall. +
Malvenfam., +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +
puberulent +
scabridulous +
turbinate +
3mm +  and 4mm +
persistent +
Introduced +  and Weedy +
sessile +  and subsessile +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
exserted +  and included +
filiform +, linear +  and capitate +
1-2 times number of carpels +
lanceolate +
13-15-branched +
Mallow +
Abutilon theophrasti +
Abutilon +
species +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +