Acanthoscyphus parishii

(Parry) Small

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 53. 1898. 1898

IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Oxytheca parishii Parry Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat. Sci. 3: 176. 1882
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 438.

Plants (0.5–) 1–6 × 0.5–4 dm. Leaf-blades 1–7 × 0.5–2 cm. Inflorescences 1–5 dm; bracts 1–4 (–10) × 0.5–3 mm, awns 0.2–1.5 mm. Peduncles (0.3–) 1–5 (–7.5) cm. Involucres 1.5–2 mm, awns ivory or reddish, 2–5 mm. Flowers: perianth 2–2.5 mm; filaments 2–2.5 mm; anthers 0.3–0.6 mm. Achenes 1.7–2 mm.

Discussion

Varieties 4 (4 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Involucral awns 7-16, dark red, 3-4 mm; San Rafael Mountains, Topatopa Mountain, and Mount Pinos, Santa Barbara and Ventura counties, California Acanthoscyphus parishii var. abramsii
1 Involucral awns 4-36, ivory colored, 2-5 mm; San Bernardino and Ventura counties > 2
2 Involucral awns 4(-5), 2-3 mm; ne side of San Bernardino Mountains, San Bernardino County, California Acanthoscyphus parishii var. goodmaniana
2 Involucral awns 7-30(-36), 3-5 mm; se side of e San Bernardino County, and Ventura County, California > 3
3 Involucral awns (10-)13-30(-36); inflorescence bracts triangular, awns 0.2-0.5 mm; Pine Mountain, Ventura County, e to c San Bernardino Mountains, San Bernardino County, California Acanthoscyphus parishii var. parishii
3 Involucral awns 7-10; inflorescence bracts subulate, awns 0.5-1.5 mm; se side of e San Bernardino Mountains, San Bernardino County, California Acanthoscyphus parishii var. cienegensis

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Acanthoscyphus parishii"
dark-brown;deep maroon +
globose-lenticular +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
red +  and maroon +
oblong +  and oval +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
James L. Reveal +
(Parry) Small +
reddish +  and ivory +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
stipelike +
Oxytheca parishii +
awn-tipped +  and simple +
spatulate;oblong or oblanceolate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
glandular +  and glabrous +
triangular +  and lanceolate or subulate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
disarticulating +  and dichotomous +
not brittle +
just below the soil surface or and above the soil surface +  and spreading +
s Calif. +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
disarticulating +  and solid +
decumbent to erect +  and prostrate +
unwinged +  and winged +
black +, red +, brown +  and yellowish +
exserted +  and included +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
spheroidal +, 4-gonous +, lenticular +, biconvex +, discoid +, 3-gonous +  and 2-gonous +
connate +  and free +
turbinate +  and tubular +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
nonmembranous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
persistent +
cauline +  and basal +
bractlike +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
ciliate-denticulate +
not swollen +
orthotropous +
accrescent +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
curved +  and straight +
erect to deflexed +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
hirsute +  and strigose +
urceolate +  and campanulate +
accrescent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
fleshy +, indurate +  and membranous +
with extrafloral nectaries +  and not articulate +
homostylous +  and 3-carpellate +
Bull. Torrey Bot. Club +
, +  and solid +
slender;stout +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
disarticulating +  and solid +
decumbent to spreading or erect +  and prostrate +
spreading +, erect to somewhat +  and arising +
not fistulose +
penicillate +, fimbriate +  and capitate +
deciduous +  and persistent +
2-lobed +  and cylindric +
coriaceous +  and membranous +
consisting of a series +  and tubular +
distinct +
erect;spreading or recurved +
Oxytheca sect. Acanthoscyphus +
chambered +, , +  and solid +
Acanthoscyphus parishii +
Acanthoscyphus +
species +
1/4 +  and 1/3 +
divided +  and entire +
coriaceous +
persistent +
membranous +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
3 +, 2 +  and 1 +