Anemone berlandieri

Pritzel

Linnaea 15: 628. 1841.

Common names: Tenpetal anemone
EndemicIllustrated
Synonyms: Anemone heterophylla Nuttall ex A.W. Wood
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Aerial shoots (10-) 30-50 cm, from tubers, rarely also from rhizomes, tubers vertical, rarely ascending. Basal leaves (1-) 3-6 (-9), 1- (nearly 2) -ternate; petiole 3-20 cm; terminal leaflet sessile, rarely petiolulate, ovate to obovate, 1-3 (-6) × (0.4-) 0.7-3 (-4) cm, base broadly cuneate, margins crenate to serrate on distal 1/2, rarely on distal 2/3, apex obtuse to broadly acute, surfaces pubescent; lateral leaflets unlobed or 1×-lobed or parted; ultimate lobes (6-) 8-12 mm wide. Inflorescences 1-flowered; peduncle villous; involucral-bracts 3, borne above middle of scape at anthesis, 1-tiered, simple, dissimilar to basal leaves, obtriangular, 3-cleft, (1-) 1.5-4 (-5) cm, bases clasping, ±connate, margins incised throughout, apex narrowly acute to acuminate, surfaces pilose; segments primarily 3, broadly linear; lateral segments unlobed or occasionally 1×-lobed; ultimate lobes 1.5-2.5 mm wide. Flowers: sepals (7-) 10-17 (-25), abaxially blue to violet, adaxially white, linear-oblong, rarely narrowly elliptic, (10-) 15-20 × 2-3 (-4) mm, abaxially hairy, especially toward base, adaxially glabrous or hairy toward base; stamens 60-70. Heads of achenes cylindric; pedicel (7-) 9-15 (-28) cm. Achenes: body elliptic, flat, 2.7-3.5 × 2.2-2.5 mm, not winged, densely white-woolly; beak subulate, curved, 1-2.3 mm, hidden in achene indument, white tomentose, not plumose. 2n=16.


Phenology: Flowering winter–spring (Feb–Apr).
Habitat: Open grasslands, prairies, hillsides, often limy substrate, also woods over thin shale
Elevation: 60-1100m

Distribution

V3 946-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Fla., Kans., La., Miss., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tex., Va., n Mexico

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadened" is not a number.

... more about "Anemone berlandieri"
Bryan E. Dutton +, Carl S. Keener +  and Bruce A. Ford +
Pritzel +
connate +
cuneate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
not plumose +  and subulate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
white-woolly +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
globose;cylindric +
Tenpetal anemone +
2-9-flowered +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Kans. +, La. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and n Mexico +
60-1100m +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
stalked +, sessile +  and aggregate +
ovoid;obovoid +
Open grasslands, prairies, hillsides, often limy substrate, also woods over thin shale +
cylindric +
axillary +  and terminal +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
1×-lobed +  and unlobed +
petiolate +, compound +  and simple +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
palmate +  and pinnate +
incised;crenate;serrate +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (28 cm280 mm <br />0.28 m <br />) +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
Flowering winter–spring (Feb–Apr). +
not arillate +  and stalked +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
white;abaxially blue;violet +
not persistent +
distinct +
hairy +  and glabrous +
10 +  and 17 +
linear-oblong +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
persistent +
pilose;pubescent +
Anemone heterophylla +
Anemone berlandieri +
species +
petiolulate;sessile +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
2-9-flowered +
herbaceous +  and woody +