Anemone caroliniana

Walter

Fl. Carol., 157. 1788.

Common names: Carolina anemone
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Aerial shoots 5-35 (-60) cm, from tubers with rhizomes near apex, tubers ascending or vertical, rhizomes horizontal or ascending. Basal leaves 1-3 (-5), 1-2-ternate; petiole 3-9 (-10) cm; terminal leaflet petiolulate, rarely sessile, obtriangular, 2-3-cleft, 1-3 × 0.8-2 (-2.5) cm, base narrowly attenuate to strongly and narrowly cuneate, margins serrate, rarely dissected on distal 2/3, apex obtuse to broadly acute, surfaces glabrous; lateral leaflets ±pinnately 1-2 (-3) ×-lobed or parted; ultimate lobes 2-10 mm wide. Inflorescences 1-flowered; peduncle proximally glabrous, distally villous; involucral-bracts 3, borne below middle of scape at anthesis, 1-tiered, simple, ±similar to basal leaves, obtriangular, 3-cleft, 1-2.5 cm, bases somewhat clasping, connate, margins incised on distal 1/2, apex acuminate, surfaces sparsely pilose; segments 3, broadly linear; lateral segments 1-2×-lobed or parted; ultimate lobes 1-2.5 mm wide. Flowers: sepals 10-20 (-30), white to rose or blue to purple, linear to oblong, (6-) 10-20 (-22) × 2-5 (-7) mm, abaxially sparsely hairy, adaxially glabrous or nearly so; stamens 50-60. Heads of achenes fusiform; pedicel (5-) 10-20 cm. Achenes: body ovoid, 1.5-2.5 (-3) × ca. 2 mm, not winged, densely woolly; beak straight, 1.3-2 mm, projecting beyond achene indument, proximally tomentose, not plumose. 2n=16.


Phenology: Flowering winter–spring (Feb–Apr).
Habitat: Dry prairies, barrens, pastures, meadows, rocky, open woods
Elevation: 60-700m

Distribution

V3 442-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., Iowa, Kans., La., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., Okla., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Wis.

Discussion

Anemone caroliniana was recorded from Indiana (Vigo County); it has since been extirpated.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadened" is not a number.

... more about "Anemone caroliniana"
Bryan E. Dutton +, Carl S. Keener +  and Bruce A. Ford +
Walter +
connate +
cuneate +  and attenuate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
straight +
rudimentary +
not plumose +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
globose;cylindric +
Carolina anemone +
2-9-flowered +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, La. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +  and Wis. +
60-700m +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
stalked +, sessile +  and aggregate +
ovoid;obovoid +
Dry prairies, barrens, pastures, meadows, rocky, open woods +
fusiform +
axillary +  and terminal +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
parted +  and 1-2×-lobed +
petiolate +, compound +  and simple +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
palmate +  and pinnate +
incised;dissected +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
villous +  and glabrous +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
Flowering winter–spring (Feb–Apr). +
Fl. Carol., +
ascending +  and horizontal +
not arillate +  and stalked +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
white;rose or blue +
not persistent +
distinct +
nearly +, glabrous +  and hairy +
10 +  and 20 +
linear +  and oblong +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
persistent +
pilose;glabrous +
Anemonastrum +, Anemonidium +, Anemonoides +, Hepatica +, Jurtsevia +  and Pulsatilla +
Anemone caroliniana +
species +
sessile;petiolulate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
2-9-flowered +
herbaceous +  and woody +