Anemone cylindrica

A. Gray

Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 221. 1835.

Common names: Long-headed anemone thimbleweed candle anemone anémone cylindrique
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Aerial shoots (20-) 30-70 (-80) cm, from caudices, rarely with very short ascending rhizomes, caudices ascending to vertical. Basal leaves (2-) 5-10 (-13), ternate; petiole 9-21 cm; terminal leaflet sessile, broadly rhombic to oblanceolate, (2.5-) 3-5 (-6) × (3-) 4-10 (-14) cm, base narrowly cuneate, margins crenate, or serrate and deeply incised on distal 1/2, apex narrowly acute, surfaces strigose, more so abaxially; lateral leaflets 1-2×-parted and lobed; ultimate lobes 4-10 (-13) mm wide. Inflorescences (1-) 2-8-flowered cymes, sometimes appearing umbellike; peduncle villous to densely villous; involucral-bracts 3-7 (-9), 2 (-3) -tiered (can appear 1-tiered), ternate, ±similar to basal leaves, bases distinct; terminal leaflet sessile, rhombic to oblanceolate, 2.5-6.5 × (1-) 1.5-2 (-2.5) cm, bases narrowly cuneate, margins serrate and incised on distal 1/3-1/2, apex narrowly acute, surfaces puberulous, more so abaxially; lateral leaflets 1 (-2) ×-parted or lobed; ultimate lobes (4-) 6-10 (-15) mm wide. Flowers: pedicel usually appearing bractless; sepals 4-5 (-6), green to whitish, oblong to elliptic or ovate, 5-12 (-15) × 3-6 mm, abaxially silky, adaxially glabrous; stamens 50-75. Heads of achenes cylindric; pedicel 10-30 cm. Achenes: body ovoid, (1.8-) 2-3 × 1.5-2 mm, not winged, woolly; beak usually recurved, (0.3-) 0.5-1 mm, hidden by achene indument, glabrous. 2n=16.


Phenology: Flowering summer (Jun–Jul).
Habitat: Prairies, dry, open woods, pastures, roadsides
Elevation: 300-3000 m

Distribution

V3 1134-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., Ont., Que., Sask., Ariz., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Vt., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

The cymes of Anemone cylindrica may appear 1-tiered because the second tier of involucres is closely nestled among the leaves of the first tier. The cymes then resemble umbels with unusually leafy involucral bracts; they might be misinterpreted as such.

Anemone cylindrica was used medicinally by Native Americans for headaches, sore eyes, and bad burns, as a psychological aid, and as a relief for tuberculosis (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadened" is not a number.

... more about "Anemone cylindrica"
Bryan E. Dutton +, Carl S. Keener +  and Bruce A. Ford +
A. Gray +
distinct +
cuneate +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
curved +  and straight +
plumose +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
globose;cylindric +
ascending;vertical +
Long-headed anemone +, thimbleweed +, candle anemone +  and anémone cylindrique +
(1-)2-8-flowered +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Vt. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
300-3000 m +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
stalked +, sessile +  and aggregate +
ovoid;obovoid +
Prairies, dry, open woods, pastures, roadsides +
cylindric +
axillary +  and terminal +
petiolate +, compound +  and simple +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
palmate +  and pinnate +
incised;incised;serrate;crenate;serrate;crenate +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
villous +  and densely villous +
distinct +
conspicuous +
reduced +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (21 cm210 mm <br />0.21 m <br />) +
Flowering summer (Jun–Jul). +
Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York +
not arillate +  and stalked +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
green;whitish +
not persistent +
distinct +
glabrous +  and silky +
4 +  and 5 +
oblong +  and elliptic or ovate +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br /> (80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br />) +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
persistent +
puberulous;strigose +
Anemonastrum +, Anemonidium +, Anemonoides +, Hepatica +, Jurtsevia +  and Pulsatilla +
Anemone cylindrica +
species +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
rhombic;oblanceolate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
2-9-flowered +
herbaceous +  and woody +